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Fotigal, Sweden, da Kanada mafi yawan ƙasashe masu ƙawancen LGBT

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Written by Babban Edita Aiki

Godiya ga cigaban shari'a ga masu canzawa da ma'amala gami da yunƙurin aikata laifuka na ƙiyayya, Portugal a karon farko tayi nasarar tsallakewa daga wuri na 27 zuwa saman SPARTACUS Gay Travel Index, kuma yanzu sun raba wuri na 1 tare da Sweden da Kanada .

SPARTACUS Gay Travel Travel Index ana sabunta shi kowace shekara don sanar da matafiya game da halin da 'yan madigo, gay, bisexual, da transgender (LGBT) ke ciki a kasashe da yankuna 197.

Ofaya daga cikin taurarin da ke tashe a wannan shekara ita ce Indiya, wanda, saboda lalacewar liwadi da kuma ingantaccen yanayin zamantakewar, ya tashi daga 104 zuwa 57 a kan Tattalin Arziki. A cikin 2018 an kawar da laifin aikata luwadi a Trinidad da Tobago da Angola.

Tare da amincewa da auren jinsi guda, Austria da Malta suma sun sami damar samun matsayi a saman SPARTACUS Gay Travel Travel Index 2019.

Koyaya, halin da ake ciki don matafiya LGBT a cikin Brazil, Jamus da Amurka ya ta'azzara. A cikin Brazil da Amurka duka, gwamnatocin masu ra'ayin mazan jiya masu ra'ayin mazan jiya sun gabatar da dabaru don soke hakkokin LGBT da aka cimma a baya. Waɗannan ayyukan sun haifar da ƙaruwa cikin rikice-rikicen homophobic da transphobic. Hakanan an sami ƙaruwar tashin hankali akan mutanen LGBT a cikin Jamus. Rashin isassun dokokin zamani don kare jinsin maza da mata da kuma rashin wani shirin aiwatar da yaƙi da tashin hankalin masu aikata luwadi sun sa Jamus ta sauka daga matsayi na 3 zuwa na 23.

Kasashe kamar Thailand, Taiwan, Japan da Switzerland na karkashin kulawa ta musamman. Ana tsammanin yanayin zai inganta a shekarar 2019 sakamakon tattaunawar kan bullo da dokar da za ta halatta auren jinsi. Tuni Thailand ta ci gaba da hawa 20 a matsayi na 47 sakamakon kamfen da aka yi game da luwadi da kuma gabatar da dokoki don amincewa da kawancen jinsi guda. Gabatarwar da aka gabatar game da dokokin auren jinsi na iya sa Thailand ta zama mafi yawan wuraren ƙawancen ƙaura tsakanin LGBT a Asiya.

A Latin Amurka, shawarar da Hukumar Tsakiyar Amurka ta Kare Hakkin Dan-Adam (IACHR / CIDH) ta bukaci kusan dukkanin kasashen Latin Amurka su amince da auren jinsi ya haifar da da mamaki. Ya zuwa yanzu, auren jinsi halal ne kawai a cikin ƙasashen Argentina, Colombia, Brazil, Uruguay da kuma a wasu jihohin Mexico.

Wasu daga cikin kasashe mafi hatsari ga matafiya LGBT a cikin 2019 sun hada da Saudi Arabia, Iran, Somalia da Jamhuriyar Chechen a Rasha, inda ake yawan gallazawa 'yan luwadi da barazanar kisa.

SPARTACUS Gay Travel Travel Index an haɗu ta amfani da ma'auni 14 a cikin rukuni uku. Rukuni na farko shi ne 'yancin jama'a. Daga cikin abubuwan da take tantancewa ko an ba wa 'yan ludu da' yan mata damar yin aure, ko akwai dokokin yaki da nuna wariya a wurin, ko kuma shekarun yarda iri daya ya shafi ma'aurata maza da mata. Duk wani nuna wariya an rubuta shi a rukuni na biyu. Wannan ya hada da, misali, takunkumin tafiye-tafiye ga masu dauke da kwayar cutar HIV da haramcin yin fareti ko wasu zanga-zanga. A rukuni na uku, ana tantance barazanar da mutane ke fuskanta ta hanyar zalunci, hukuncin ɗaurin kurkuku ko hukuncin kisa. Kafofin da aka tantance sun hada da kungiyar kare hakkin dan adam "Human Rights Watch", yakin neman zabe na "Free & Equal" na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya, da kuma bayanan shekara-shekara kan take hakkin dan adam ga mambobin kungiyar LGBT.

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