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Yankin Tekun Indiya ta Biritaniya: Shin Mauritius tana da ƙarfi daga Burtaniya da Amurka?

Tutar_Birnin_Biritaniya_Indian_Ocean_Territory.svg_
Tutar_Birnin_Biritaniya_Indian_Ocean_Territory.svg_
Written by Alain St

Yankin Britishasar Indiya ta Biritaniya (BIOT) yanki ne na Britishasar Biritaniya na ofasar Burtaniya da ke tsakiyar Tekun Indiya a tsakanin rabin Tanzania da Indonesia. Mauritius na son iko da yankin da Tsibirin Tekun Indiya ya kira yankin "haramtacce".

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The Birtaniya tekun Indiya Abuja (BIOT) yanki ne na Britishasar Biritaniya na ofasar Biritaniya wanda ke tsakiyar Tekun Indiya a tsakanin rabin hanya tsakanin Tanzania da Indonesia. Mauritius na son iko da yankin da Tsibirin Tekun Indiya ya kira yankin "haramtacce".

Britishasar Biritaniya ta ƙunshi ginshiƙai bakwai na tsibirin Chagos tare da tsibirin tsibirin sama da 1,000 - da yawa ƙanana - wanda ya kai yawan fili na kilomita murabba'in 60 (23 sq mi). Tsibiri mafi girma kuma mafi kudu maso gabas shine Diego Garcia kuma yana karɓar baƙon haɗin gwiwar haɗin gwiwa na Burtaniya da Amurka.

Alkalai a Kotun Kasa da Kasa sun fara jin bahasi game da ra'ayin shawara da Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ta nema a kan halaccin ikon mallakar Biritaniya kan Tsibirin Chagos. Tsibiri mafi girma, Diego Garcia, ya kasance yana da sansanin Amurka tun daga 1970s.

Jami'ai daga kasar Mauritius ta tsibirin Tekun Indiya sun fada wa alkalan Majalisar Dinkin Duniya cewa tsohuwar kasar da ta yi wa mulkin mallaka Birtaniyya ta ba da karfi ga shugabannin ta rabin karnin da ya gabata don ba da yankin a matsayin wani yanayi na 'yanci, ikirarin da ka iya yin tasiri ga mahimmin tasirin sojojin Amurka. tushe.

Ministan Tsaron Mauritius Anerood Jugnauth ya fadawa alkalan cewa: "Tsarin mulkin mallaka na kasar Mauritius ya kasance bai cika ba sakamakon haramtacciyar alaka da wani bangare na yankinmu a jajiberin samun 'yancin kanmu."

Mauritius yayi jayayya cewa tsibirin Chagos wani yanki ne na yankinta tun a kalla karni na 18 kuma Burtaniya ta dauke shi ba bisa ka'ida ba a 1965, shekaru uku kafin tsibirin ya sami 'yencin kai. Burtaniya ta dage kan cewa tana da ikon mallakar kan tsibirai, wanda ta kira yankin Biritaniya na Yankin Burtaniya.

Jugnauth ya shaida cewa a yayin tattaunawar samun ‘yancin kai, Firayim Ministan Burtaniya na lokacin Harold Wilson ya gaya wa shugaban Mauritius a lokacin, Seewoosagur Ramgoolam, cewa“ shi da abokan aikinsa na iya komawa Mauritius ko dai tare da ‘yanci ko ba tare da shi ba kuma cewa kyakkyawar mafita ga kowa ita ce 'yanci da kuma ballewa (na Tsubirin Chagos) ta hanyar yarjejeniya. "

Ramgoolam ya fahimci kalmomin Wilson "don su kasance cikin yanayin barazana," in ji Jugnauth.

Babban Lauyan nan na Burtaniya Robert Buckland ya bayyana shari'ar a matsayin ainihin takaddama tsakanin kasashen biyu game da ikon mallaka kuma ya bukaci kotun da kada ta bayar da shawarar shawara.

Buckland ya kuma yi jayayya game da ikirarin Mauritius game da tilastawa, yana mai cewa Ramgoolam yana cewa bayan yarjejeniyar cewa raba tsibirin Chagos "lamari ne da aka tattauna."

Burtaniya ta kulla yarjejeniya da Amurka a cikin 1966 don amfani da yankin don dalilan tsaro. Amurka na da sansani a can don jiragen sama da jiragen ruwa kuma ta goyi bayan Burtaniya game da takaddamar shari'a da Mauritius.

Koyaya, Jugnauth ya ce bai kamata a shafi tushe ba da da'awar kasarsa game da Birtaniyya.

"Mauritius ta bayyana karara cewa bukatar neman shawara ba ta nufin kawo hujjar kasancewar sansanin na Diego Garcia," kamar yadda ya fada wa alkalan Majalisar Dinkin Duniya. "Mauritius ta san da wanzuwarsa kuma ta sha bayyana wa Amurka da ikonta kan yarda da makomar sansanin."

Wakilai daga kusan kasashe 20, ciki har da Amurka, da kuma daga Tarayyar Afirka za su yi magana game da batun.

Ana sa ran alkalai za su dauki watanni suna bayar da shawarwarinsu na shawarwari kan tambayoyi biyu: Shin an kammala aikin mallakan kasar Mauritius a shekarar 1968 kuma menene sakamako a karkashin dokar kasa da kasa ta ci gaba da mulkin Burtaniya, gami da rashin iya sake tsugunar da mazauna Chagos akan tsibirai?

Birtaniyya ta kori kimanin mutane 2,000 daga tsibirin Chagos a cikin shekarun 1960 da 1970 don haka sojojin Amurka za su iya gina sansanin jirgin sama a kan Diego Garcia. An tura 'yan tsibirin zuwa Seychelles da Mauritius, kuma da yawa daga cikinsu sun sake zama a Burtaniya

'Yan Chagoss sun yi gwagwarmaya a kotunan Burtaniya tsawon shekaru don komawa tsibiran. Wani karamin rukuni na 'yan Chagossia sun yi zanga-zanga a wajen kotun ranar Litinin rike da tutoci ciki har da wanda ke cewa: "sadaukarwar Chagossi don kare duniya amma sakamakonmu shi ne jinkirin mutuwa."

Wata 'yar Chagosiya, Marie Liseby Elyse, ta dauki bidiyon da aka nuna wa alkalai. A ciki, ta tuno yadda aka ɗauke ta jirgin ruwa daga tsibirin gidanta.

"Mun kasance kamar dabbobi da bayi a cikin wannan jirgin," in ji ta. "Mutane suna mutuwa saboda bakin ciki."

Buckland ya nuna matukar nadamar Burtaniya game da yadda aka cire 'yan Chagon din.

Biritaniya, "ta yarda da yadda aka cire Chagossia daga tsibirin Chagos kuma yadda aka bi da su daga baya abin kunya ne kuma ya fi haka," in ji shi.

A wani labarin wanda aka buga akan babban yankin Afirka akan wannan babban al'amarin an ruwaito shi kamar haka-

Sir Anerood Jugnauth GCSK, KCMG, Ministan QC Mentor, Ministan Tsaro, Ministan Rodrigues, sun bude jin bahasin ne a gaban Kotun Kasa da Kasa a jiya a Hague, Netherlands kan neman Shawarwarin Nasiha kan hukuncin da shari'a ta raba tsibirin Chagos daga Mauritius a 1965.

A jawabinsa na budewa, Minista Mentor ya jaddada cewa Mauritius kasa ce mai dorewa da kwanciyar hankali wacce ke kula da kyakkyawar alaka da dukkan Jihohin da ke damuwa da tambayoyin da aka gabatar wa Kotun. Koyaya, ya tuna shiga cikin Taron Tsarin Mulki na 1965 a Lancaster House England yayin da Gwamnatin Burtaniya ta yi wa wakilan Mauritius barazanar cewa ba za a ba su 'yanci ba sai dai idan sun amince da yankewar Mauritius.
Ya jaddada cewa yayin taron, Sakataren Mulkin Mallaka ne ya shirya wasu kananan tarurruka masu zaman kansu a Landan wanda aka gayyato wakilai biyar kacal, ciki har da Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam.
Ya kara da cewa Firayim Ministan Biritaniya na lokacin Harold Wilson ya sadu da na biyun a sirrance don shawo kansa game da raba Tsibirin Chagos da Mauritius. Manufar taron ita ce “tsoratar da shi da fata: da fatan zai sami 'yanci: Firgita kar ya yuwu sai dai idan yana da hankali game da batun balle Chape Chape," in ji Ministan Mentor.
Bugu da ƙari, Ministan Mentor ya tabbatar da cewa jami'an ikon mulkin mallaka sun tsara dabarun da ba za a ba wakilan Mauritaniya damar riƙe Tsibirin Chagos ba. "Ya kasance independenceancin kai bisa sharaɗin yarjejeniya don keɓewa ko babu 'yanci tare da ƙungiyar ta kowace hanya", ya nuna.
Sir Anerood Jugnauth ya bayyana cewa kasar Burtaniya ta cire kudin shiga yankin Chagos daga tsibirin Mauritius ba tare da izini ba tun daga lokacin da ta samu 'yancin kai saboda dalilin da ya sa aka kori' yan Chagos din daga gidansu ta hanyar watsi da hakkinsu na dan adam. Gwamnati, ya jaddada, tana ba da cikakken goyon baya ga haƙƙin dawowar Chagossia zuwa ƙasarsu ta asali tare da sake tabbatar da aniyarta ta kammala tsarin mulkin mallaka.
Ministan Mentor ya sake jaddada cewa bukatar neman shawara ba ta nufin yin tambaya game da kasancewar sansanin soja a Diego Garcia ba ta kowace hanya kamar yadda Mauritius ya dukufa ga kare muhalli kuma ya kasance mai kula da sauran bangarori masu girma mahimmancin muhalli a cikin yankunanta.
Wannan shine abin da aka sanya akan Wikepedia:

Masu jirgin ruwan Maldivian san tsibirin Chagos sosai. A cikin Maldivian lore, an san su da Fōlhavahi or Hollhavai (sunan karshen a kusancin Kudancin Maldives). Dangane da al'adun gargajiyar Kudancin Maldivian, 'yan kasuwa da masunta a wasu lokuta sukan rasa ruwa a cikin teku kuma sun makale a daya daga cikin tsibirin Chagos. Daga karshe dai, an kubutar dasu an dawo dasu gida. Koyaya, waɗannan tsibirin an yanke hukuncin yin nesa da wurin zama na Kambin Maldivian da za a daidaita su dindindin. Don haka, tsawon ƙarni da yawa makwabta na arewa sun yi watsi da Chagos.

Tsibirin na Tsibirin Chagos aka tsara ta Vasco da Gama a farkon karni na sha shida, sannan da'awar a karni na sha takwas ta Faransa a matsayin mallakarta Mauritius. Barorin Afirka da contractan kwangilar Indiya waɗanda Franco-Mauritians suka kawo su ne suka fara zama a karni na 18 don gano gonakin kwakwa. A cikin 1810, Kingdomasar Ingila ta kame Mauritius, kuma Faransa ta ba da yankin a cikin Yarjejeniyar Paris.

A shekarar 1965, kasar Burtaniya ta raba tsibirin Chagos daga Mauritius da tsibirai na AldabraFarku da kuma Desroches (Des Roches) daga Seychelles don kafa theasar Indiya ta Biritaniya. Manufar ita ce a ba da damar gina cibiyoyin soja don amfanin kasashen Burtaniya da Amurka. An kafa tsibirin a matsayin ƙa'idodin ƙasashen ƙetare na onasar Ingila a ranar 8 Nuwamba 1965. A ranar 23 ga Yuni 1976, Aldabra, Farquhar da Desroches sun dawo Seychelles sakamakon samun 'yancin kanta. Bayan haka, BIOT ya kunshi kawai manyan rukunin tsibirai shida da suka hada da Tsibirin Chagos.

A cikin 1990, tutar BIOT ta farko ta bayyana. Wannan tutar, wanda kuma ya ƙunshi Union Jack, yana da zane-zane na Tekun Indiya, inda tsibiran suke, a cikin fasalin layin fari da shuɗi da kuma itacen dabino wanda ke sama da kambin Burtaniya.

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Game da marubucin

Alain St

Alain St Ange yana aiki a harkar yawon bude ido tun 2009. Shugaban kasa kuma Ministan yawon bude ido James Michel ne ya nada shi a matsayin Daraktan Siyarwa na Seychelles.

An nada shi a matsayin Daraktan Siyarwa na Seychelles daga Shugaban kasa kuma Ministan yawon bude ido James Michel. Bayan shekara guda

Bayan hidimar shekara guda, an ba shi girma zuwa mukamin Shugaba na Hukumar Yawon shakatawa ta Seychelles.

A cikin 2012 an kafa Kungiyar Yankin Tsibirin Vanilla na Tekun Indiya kuma an nada St Ange a matsayin shugaban kungiyar na farko.

A cikin sake fasalin majalisar ministocin 2012, an nada St Ange a matsayin Ministan yawon bude ido da al'adu wanda ya yi murabus a ranar 28 ga Disamba 2016 don neman takara a matsayin Sakatare Janar na Kungiyar Yawon shakatawa ta Duniya.

A babban taron UNWTO da aka yi a Chengdu a China, mutumin da ake nema don "Circuit Circuit" don yawon shakatawa da ci gaba mai dorewa shine Alain St.Ange.

St.Ange shi ne tsohon Ministan Yawon Bude Ido, Jirgin Sama, Tashar Jiragen Ruwa da na Ruwa da na ruwa wanda ya bar ofis a watan Disambar bara don neman mukamin Sakatare Janar na UNWTO. Lokacin da kasarsa ta janye takararsa ko takaddar amincewarsa kwana guda gabanin zaben a Madrid, Alain St.Ange ya nuna girmansa a matsayin mai magana lokacin da yake jawabi ga taron UNWTO da alheri, sha'awa, da salo.

An yi rikodin jawabinsa mai motsawa a matsayin mafi kyawun jawabai na alama a wannan ƙungiyar ta Majalisar Dinkin Duniya.

Kasashen Afirka galibi suna tunawa da jawabinsa na Uganda ga dandalin yawon shakatawa na Gabashin Afirka lokacin da ya kasance babban bako.

A matsayinta na tsohon ministan yawon bude ido, St.Ange ya kasance mashahurin mai magana kuma ana yawan ganin sa yana jawabi a dandalin tattaunawa da taro a madadin kasarsa. Ana ganin ikonsa na yin magana 'kashe cuff' koyaushe azaman iyawarsa. Sau da yawa ya ce yana magana daga zuciya.

A cikin Seychelles ana tuna shi don adireshin sa alama a buɗe aikin Carnaval International de Victoria na tsibirin lokacin da ya maimaita kalmomin John Lennon sanannen waƙar… ”kuna iya cewa ni mafarki ne, amma ba ni kaɗai ba. Wata rana duk za ku kasance tare da mu kuma duniya za ta yi kyau kamar ɗaya ”. Tawagar 'yan jaridu na duniya da suka taru a Seychelles a ranar sun yi ta gudu tare da kalmomin St.Ange wanda ya sanya kanun labarai ko'ina.

St.Ange ya gabatar da jawabi mai taken “Taron Yawon shakatawa & Kasuwanci a Kanada”

Seychelles kyakkyawan misali ne don yawon shakatawa mai dorewa. Don haka wannan ba abin mamaki bane ganin ana neman Alain St.Ange a matsayin mai magana akan da'irar duniya.

Memba na Hanyar sadarwar kasuwanci.