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Sabuwar dangantakar Bhutan - Isra'ila

Bayanin Auto
tutar bhutan pixabay
Written by Layin Media

Asar ƙaramar Asiya ta Kudu kawai tana da alaƙar diflomasiyya da ƙananan numberasashe kuma tana auna nasararta ne bisa tushen farin cikin ƙasa

A ranar Asabar din da ta gabata ne Isra’ila ta sanar da cewa ta kulla alakar diflomasiyya da Bhutan, kasa ta biyar da ta yi hakan a ‘yan watannin baya-bayan nan tare da Hadaddiyar Daular Larabawa, Bahrain, Sudan da Morocco Amma Bhutan ba ƙasar Larabawa ba ce, kuma mafi yawan mutanen da suka ji labarai game da yarjejeniyar daidaitawa wataƙila sun tambayi kansu, "Menene Bhutan?"

Jakadan Isra’ila a Indiya Ron Malka da jakadan Bhutan a Indiya Vetsop Namgyel sun sanya hannu kan yarjejeniyar daidaita al’ada a daren Asabar. Sa hannu kan yarjejeniyar ya biyo bayan tattaunawar sirri tsakanin jami'ai daga kasashen biyu, gami da ziyarar jituwa, a cikin 'yan shekarun nan game da kulla alakar diflomasiyya, a cewar ma'aikatar harkokin wajen, wacce ta lura cewa tana aiki tare da Bhutan ta bangaren Mashav Division, Hukumar Raya Kasa da Kasa. Haɗin kai Ta wannan, ɗalibai daga Bhutan suka zo Isra'ila don karɓar horo kan aikin gona.

A cewar wata sanarwa ta hadin gwiwa game da yarjejeniyar, kasashen na shirin hada kai kan tattalin arziki, fasaha da kuma bunkasa aikin gona. Har ila yau, an ce musayar al'adu da yawon bude ido za a "kara bunkasa."

Malka ya ce "Wannan yarjejeniyar za ta bude wasu damammaki da yawa don hadin kai don amfanin mutanenmu biyu."

Southasar Asiya ta Kudu ta Bhutan, da aka sani da suna "Land Of The Thunder Dragon," karamar ƙasa ce da ba ta da iyaka wanda ke gefen gabashin Himalayas. Tana iyaka da Tibet daga arewaci da Indiya daga kudu kuma tana da yawan jama'a kasa da 800,000. Babban birninta kuma birni mafi girma shine Thimphu. Yankin kasar yana da murabba'in kilomita 14,824 (kilomita murabba'in 38,394), wanda hakan ya sa ya zama kusan girman jihar Amurka ta Maryland.

Addinin addinin hukuma na Bhutan shine addinin Vajrayana, wanda kusan kashi uku cikin hudu na mutanen kasar ke yi. Wani ɓangare na yawan jama'a suna bin addinin Hindu. 'Yancin addini yana da tabbaci kuma an hana yin addinin ta hanyar dokar masarauta.

Bhutan ta zama masarauta mai tsarin mulki lokacin da ta gudanar da babban zaben ta na farko a shekara ta 2008. Kafin haka, ita ce cikakkiyar masarauta. Matsayin sarauta na sarki shine Dragon King.

Kasar tana da huldar jakadanci a hukumance da kasashe 53 kawai, kuma ta zama mamba a Majalisar Dinkin Duniya a 1971. Amurka da Ingila, alal misali, suna daga cikin kasashen da ba su da alakar hukuma da Bhutan. Kasar tana da ofisoshin jakadanci a cikin kasashe bakwai kacal daga cikin wadannan kasashe 53, kuma Indiya, Bangladesh da Kuwait ne kawai ke da ofisoshin jakadancin a Bhutan. Sauran ƙasashe suna kula da alaƙar diflomasiyya ta yau da kullun ta hanyar ofisoshin jakadancinsu a ƙasashe na kusa. An ba da izinin Intanet da talabijin ne kawai a cikin ƙasar tun daga 1999.

Bhutan yana da kyakkyawar alaƙar tattalin arziki, dabaru, da soja tare da Indiya, kuma yana da kyakkyawar alaƙar siyasa da diflomasiyya da Bangladesh. Babban fitowar sa shine makamashin hydroelectric zuwa Indiya. Kasar galibi an rufe ta ne ga bare musamman daga wajen Kudancin Asiya, a matsayin wata hanya ta kula da al'adun kasar da kuma kiyaye albarkatun kasar. Kodayake ƙasar ta iyakance yawon bude ido, amma 'yan Indiya da Bhutanese na iya zuwa ƙasashen juna ba tare da fasfo ko biza ba. Bhutan ya rufe iyakarta da China na kusa bayan mamayewar China na 1959 na Tibet

Babban harshen kasar shine Dzongkha, wanda aka fi sani da Bhutanese, wanda yana ɗaya daga cikin yarukan Tibet 53 da ake magana dasu a duk yankin Asiya ta Tsakiya. Ingilishi, duk da haka, shine yare na koyarwa a makarantu a Bhutan.

An san Bhutan a matsayin ƙasa mafi farin ciki a duniya kuma, hakika, auna ƙasar da Babban Farin Ciki na ƙasa an kafa ta a cikin shekarar 2008 ta gwamnatin Bhutan a cikin kundin tsarin mulkinta kuma tana cikin matsayin har ma sama da babban kayan cikin gida a cikin ƙasar. Wannan hakika yana da ma'ana, tunda Bhutan na ɗaya daga cikin ƙasashe mafi talauci a duniya, tare da ƙarancin talauci na kashi 12 cikin ɗari.

Ga masu abinci a tsakaninmu, Bhutan yana da wasu irin nasa na gargajiya. Mafi yawan abincin da aka ba da shawarar na ƙasa shi ne Ema Datshi, mai haɗuwa da ƙwayoyi da cuku. Sauran abinci na gargajiya sun hada da Jasha Maroo, ko Maru, wanda shine kaza mai yaji, da Phaksha Paa, ko naman alade tare da jan barkono.

Duk da yake an san Bhutan a matsayin wuri mai aminci kuma sata ba ta da yawa, Lonely Planet ta ce akwai haɗari da fushin da za a kula da su, gami da: karnukan titi suna ta yin hayaniya da daddare kuma ciwon hauka na da haɗari; hanyoyi suna da kyau kuma suna hawa; Kungiyoyin 'yan awaren Indiya suna aiki a kan iyaka daga kudu maso gabashin Bhutan; da ruwan sama, gajimare, dusar ƙanƙara da kuma kankara zasu iya shafar tafiya ta hanya da kuma ta iska.

Bhutan sananne ne ga gidajen ibada, birni masu ƙarfi - da aka sani da dzongs - da kuma shimfidar wurare masu ban mamaki. Baƙi dole ne ko dai su kasance masu yawon buɗe ido a kan tsarin da aka tsara, biya, jagorar da aka shirya, ko baƙi na gwamnati. Hakanan zasu iya shiga ƙasar a matsayin baƙon “ɗan ƙasa na wasu masu tsayawa” ko tare da ƙungiyar sa kai.

by MARSY OSTER, LAYIN MADADI