Fadakarwa game da Balaguro: Kasashen Afirka ta Gabas suna ba da sanarwar cutar kwayar cutar Ebola mai saurin kisa

Cutar Ebola
Cutar Ebola

Kasashen gabashin Afirka da ke kan iyaka da Jamhuriyar Demokradiyyar Congo (DRC) sun ba da gargadi ga mazauna, matafiya da baƙi da ke yin kira ga yankin da su yi taka-tsantsan game da barkewar cutar ta Ebola mai saurin kisa da yaduwa a kwanan nan a Bikoro, Lardin Equateur na Demokradiyyar Jamhuriyar Congo.

Cutar ta kashe mutane 17 a Congo kwanaki biyar da suka gabata. Cutar ta Ebola tana yawan mutuwa idan ba a magance ta ba kuma tana da kimanin kashi 50 cikin ɗari kamar yadda Hukumar Lafiya ta Duniya ta bayyana.

Masana kiwon lafiya sun ce cutar kwayar cutar mai saurin kisa ana yada ta ne ga mutane ta hanyar mu'amala kai tsaye da namun daji kuma tana yaduwa ta hanyar yaduwar mutum zuwa mutum.

An fara samun bullar kwayar cutar Ebola mai saurin kisa a kasashen Afirka kusa da Kogin Congo a shekarar 1976 amma an bayar da rahoton munanan cututtukan nata a cikin 'yan shekarun nan bayan da aka yi rikodin mutane da yawa.

Cikin yakin basasa, an ba da rahoton Jamhuriyar Demokradiyyar Kongo a matsayin asalin kwayar cutar Ebola mai saurin kisa wacce ta samo asali daga birai sannan ya bazu zuwa ga mutane. Mutanen Kongo suna farautar gorilla, da kuliyoyi da birai kamar naman daji.

Tanzania da sauran kasashen Afirka da ke kan iyaka da Kwango sun sake gabatar da aikin duba dukkan matafiya a wuraren shiga tare da gargadin ‘yan kasar da su kula.

Hadarin da ke tattare da lafiyar jama'a a duk yankin Afirka ta Gabas ya kasance ba wai kawai saboda raunin cikin gida na tsarin kula da lafiya na Kwango da ke fama da yake-yake na dauke da kwayar ba, har ma da yanayin rashin iyakokin.

Ministan Lafiya na Tanzaniya Ummy Mwalimu ya ba da sanarwa ga mutanen da ke zaune a yankunan da ke kan iyaka da Kwango, yana mai cewa gwamnatin Tanzaniya na sa ido kan al'amuran cutar ta Ebola tare da yin taka tsantsan don tabbatar da cewa ba wata dama ta cutar ta yadu a kan iyakoki.

Ministar Kiwon Lafiya ta Kenya Sicily Kariuki ta ce an tura kwararrun masana kiwon lafiya zuwa duk kan iyakokin kasar don yin binciken duk fasinjojin da ke shigowa kasar da ke gabashin Afirka don yiwuwar alamun cutar ta Ebola.

Ta ce, gwamnatin Kenya ta kafa majalisar kula da lafiyar gaggawa ta kasa, wacce aka dorawa alhakin hana yaduwar cutar ta Ebola mai saurin kisa a cikin wannan kasar ta Afirka ta safiyar.

Kodayake ba ta cikin haɗari sosai idan aka kwatanta da maƙwabtanta, Kenya tana da babban motsi na matafiya daga Kongo ta kan iyakarta ta Busia da Malaba ta kan iyakar Uganda.

Filin jirgin saman Jomo Kenyatta shine hanya mafi cunkoson shiga ga matafiya daga Congo inda Kenya Airways ke zirga-zirga tsakanin Nairobi da Lubumbashi.

Lubumbashi shine birni na biyu mafi girma a cikin Kongo wanda aka fi sani da babban birnin hakar ma'adinai wanda ke karɓar bakuncin manyan Kamfanoni masu hakar ma'adinai.

A cikin makonni biyar da suka gabata, an sami wasu mutane 21 da ake zargin sun kamu da cutar zazzabin cizon sauro a ciki da wajen Ikoko Iponge na Kwango ciki har da mutuwar mutane 17. Cutar ta Ebola ta karshe da ta barke a shekarar 2017 a yankin Lafiya na Likati, Lardin Bas Uele, a arewacin kasar kuma an hanzarta shawo kanta.

A shekarar 2014, sama da mutane 11,300 galibi a kasashen Guinea, Saliyo da Laberiya aka kashe a cikin mummunar cutar ta Ebola, abin da ya shafi bangaren yawon bude ido na Afirka yayin da matafiya suka soke tafiye-tafiyen da suke zuwa nahiyar.

An kidaya amfani da kayayyakin da ke cikin kwayar cutar a matsayin asalin cutar ta Ebola da ta barke a kasashen Afirka da ke makwabtaka da Equator, galibi a kasar Kongo inda ake kashe gorilla, da kuli-kuli, da dabbobin dawa da birai don samar da naman daji.

Gandun dajin Kongo da muhallin da ke kusa da shi gida ne na birrai wadanda suka mamaye gandun daji a Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi da Yammacin Tanzania.

Gorillas da Chimpanzees dabbobi ne da suka fi jan hankalin dubban masu yawon bude ido zuwa kasashen Ruwanda da Uganda tare da samun babbar kariya daga gwamnatoci ta hannun hukumomin kiyaye namun daji.

Kashe fararen dabbobi, akasari gorilla a kasar Kwango don naman daji ya zama dalilin rashin kariya daga gwamnati duba da yakin basasa da ya addabi kasar shekaru da dama, masu kula da namun daji.

Barkewar cutar Ebola mai saurin kisa a Afirka ta Yamma kwanan nan aka shawo kanshi bayan sun kashe da yawa.

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