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Alexandre de Juniac: Gine-gine, abubuwan tsada don amfani da ikon jirgin sama a Latin Amurka

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Written by Babban Edita Aiki

Transportungiyar Sufurin Jiragen Sama ta Duniya (IATA) ta yi kira ga gwamnatocin Latin Amurka da Caribbean da su mai da hankali kan ababen more rayuwa, tsada da kuma tsarin tsarin yankin. Ta hanyar mai da hankali kan waɗannan fannoni, ana iya haɓaka fa'idodin tattalin arziƙi da zamantakewar jirgin sama tare da karɓar buƙatun yankin na faɗaɗa haɗin iska.

Jirgin sama ya riga ya taka muhimmiyar rawa a cikin tattalin arzikin yankin, yana ɗaukar kimanin mutane miliyan biyar aiki tare da tallafawa dala biliyan 170 a cikin GDP.

“Muna buƙatar ingantattun kayan aiki don karɓar ci gaba; farashi mai sauƙi da haraji waɗanda basa kashe shi; da kuma tsarin tsarin mulki na zamani da ke tallafa mata, ”in ji Alexandre de Juniac, Darakta Janar na IATA da Shugaba a lokacin da yake jawabi a taron Wings of Change - Chile a Santiago.

Lantarki

“Buƙatar zirga-zirgar jiragen sama ya fi ƙarfin ƙarfin ƙarfin tashar jirgin sama da haɓakawa zuwa tsarin kula da zirga-zirgar jiragen sama. A cikin shekaru goman da suka gabata yawan fasinjojin da kamfanonin jiragen saman yankin suka dauka ya ninka sau biyu. Kuma nan da shekarar 2036, muna tsammanin sama da tafiye-tafiye miliyan 750 za su taɓa yankin. Ba tare da daukar wani mataki ba a yau, za mu fada cikin wani rikici ne, ”in ji de Juniac.

IATA ya yi kira ga gwamnatocin yankin da su yi aiki tare da masana'antu don samar da dabaru na dogon lokaci wanda zai tabbatar da isasshen karfin aiki, farashi mai sauki da kuma aiki da kwarewar fasaha masu dacewa da bukatun masu amfani.

Manyan kalubalen karfin yankin sune Buenos Aires, Bogota, Lima, Mexico City, Havana da Santiago. “Sai dai idan an magance su, tattalin arzikin Latin Amurka zai wahala. Idan jirage ba za su iya sauka ba, fa'idodin tattalin arzikin da suka kawo za su tashi a wani wuri, ”in ji de Juniac. Ya ba da haske ga Mexico City da Santiago a matsayin matsin lamba:

• Mexico City ita ce mafi mahimmanci game da matsalolin. An tsara filin jirgin sama na yanzu don fasinjoji miliyan 32 a kowace shekara amma yana amfani da miliyan 47. “Mafita shine sabon filin jirgin sama wanda tuni aka fara shi. Amma an siyasantar da makomarta a zaben shugaban kasa na yanzu. Babban mahimmancin buƙatar sabon filin jirgin ya kamata kowa ya fahimta, ”in ji de Juniac.

• A Santiago ana gina tashar tashar jirgin sama da ake buƙata amma ba a nuna gaskiya, matakan sabis suna wahala kuma farashin mai amfani yana ƙaruwa. Wannan ya yi barazanar daukaka dadaddiyar kawance tsakanin gwamnati, kamfanonin jiragen sama da sauran masu ruwa da tsaki wadanda suka taimaka wajen samar da daya mafi girman cibiyoyin sufurin jiragen sama a yankin da kuma bunkasa masana'antar yawon bude ido.

Halin kaka

“Latin Amurka da Caribbean wuri ne mai tsada don kasuwanci. Haraji, kudade, da kuma manufofin gwamnati na haifar da babban nauyi. A yau gwamnatoci suna ganin jirgin sama a matsayin hanyar samun kuɗaɗen shiga. Amma ya fi ƙarfi azaman mai haɓaka kuɗaɗen shiga. Rage kuɗaɗen farashi na kasuwanci zai kawo babban rashi na tattalin arziki da zamantakewar al'umma, ”in ji de Juniac.

IATA ya kawo fannoni da yawa inda nauyin manufofin gwamnati da haraji ya wuce kima da kuma rashin amfani:

• Manufofin farashin mai na Brazil na kara dala miliyan 800 a kowace shekara.

• Ecuador da Colombia suna fama da matsanancin tsada daga masu samar da mai - wanda hakan ya kara tabarbarewa a kasar Ecuador inda akwai kuma kashi 5% na harajin mai.

• Kwalambiya tana da harajin alakantuwa, da harajin fita kuma yanzu haka masu unguwannin birni na shirin sanya harajin matafiya ta sama $ 5.00 don tallafawa hanyoyin ababan hawa.

• Ajantina tana da yawan kudin fasinjoji wanda ya kara munana ta hanyar sanya hannun jari da kuma rashin kyawu na kamfanin ta mai kula da harkar kasa.

• A cikin St. Lucia, haraji da kudade (gami da Kudin Ci gaban Filin Jirgin Sama) na tashi domin gyara hanyoyi da kuma gina tashar jirgin ruwa.

• Harajin yawon bude ido na yin zagon kasa a duk fadin yankin (Mexico, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Nicaragua, Jamaica da Costa Rica da St. Lucia), suna hana masu yawon bude ido da tsada.

Tsarin Mulki na Zamani

IATA ya kuma yi kira ga gwamnatoci a duk yankin su kirkiro da tsari na zamani tare da mai da hankali kan daidaitawa tare da amincewa da juna. Duk da yake yankin ya kasance jagora a cikin haɓakar alamomin ƙasa-da-ƙasa, ƙa'idodin tushen ƙasa suna iyakance fa'idodi masu dacewa. Misali, ma'aikatan fasaha da jirgin sama ba za a iya amfani da su ba cikin sauƙin iya aiki daidai saboda manufofin tsaro ba su amince da ƙa'idodin gama gari a duk yankin ba.

“Tsaro shine babban abinda muka sa a gaba. Amma ba a inganta aminci tare da matakai masu yawa. Idan ma'aikatan jirgin sama sun sami tabbaci ga daidaitaccen yarjejeniya a cikin Peru, shin akwai dalilin tsaro da zai hana su yin aiki a cikin gida a kan hanyoyin zuwa Argentina? Ko kuma akasin haka? Kuma idan an tabbatar da jirgin sama a cikin Brazil kamar yadda aka yarda da juna, me ya sa za a buƙaci a sake yi masa rajista a Chile don aiki? ” In ji de Juniac.

IATA ta yi kira da a gudanar da cikakken tattaunawa tsakanin gwamnatoci da kamfanonin jiragen sama na yankin don lalubo ingantattun abubuwan da za a iya samarwa ta hanyar fahimtar juna da daidaito.

“Tuni jirgin sama ya riga ya samar da fa'idodi da yawa a Latin Amurka da Caribbean. Fiye da rubu'in mutane biliyan suna tafiya zuwa, daga ko cikin yankin kuma jigilar sama ta samar da dala biliyan 170 a cikin GDP. Amma don jirgin sama ya sadu da bukatar fasinja mai zuwa kuma ya samar da fa'idodin tattalin arziki da zamantakewar da yake da ƙarfin gaske, gwamnatoci suna buƙatar aiki tare da masana'antu don taimakawa wajen tabbatar da su, "in ji de Juniac.

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