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IATA akan aikin aminci na masana'antar kamfanin jirgin sama na kasuwanci

aminci-infographic-2017
aminci-infographic-2017

Transportungiyar Sufurin Jiragen Sama ta Duniya (IATA) ta fitar da bayanai game da aikin amincin 2017 na masana'antar kamfanin jirgin sama na kasuwanci wanda ke nuna ci gaba da ingantaccen ci gaba a cikin aminci.

  • Dukkanin hatsarin da aka auna (wanda aka auna a cikin hadari ta jirgin sama miliyan 1) ya kasance 1.08, ci gaba ne akan dukkan hadari na 1.68 a shekarar 2016 da kuma adadin 2.01 na shekaru 5 da suka gabata (2012-2016).
  • Adadin shekarar 2017 na manyan haɗarin jirgin sama (wanda aka auna a cikin asarar ƙirar jet a cikin jirgi miliyan 1) ya kai 0.11, wanda ya yi daidai da babban haɗari ɗaya na kowane tashi miliyan 8.7. Wannan ci gaba ne akan ƙimar 0.39 da aka samu a 2016 kuma ya fi na shekara biyar (2012-2016) na 0.33.
  • An sami mummunan haɗari guda 6 tare da haɗari 19 tsakanin fasinjoji da ma'aikata. Wannan idan aka kwatanta shi da ƙananan haɗarin haɗari na 10.8 kuma kusan mutane 315 na mutuwa a kowace shekara a cikin shekaru biyar da suka gabata (2012-2016). A shekarar 2016 an samu hadari 9 da suka salwantar da rayuka 202.
  • Babu ɗayan haɗarin haɗari 6 da ya haɗu da jirgin fasinja. Biyar sun shiga jirgin sama na turboprop dayan kuma sun hada da jirgin jigilar kaya. Hadarin jirgin jigilar ya kuma yi sanadiyyar mutuwar mutane 35 a kasa, da kuma ma'aikatan jirgin.
  • Kamfanonin jiragen sama na IATA sun sami mummunan haɗarin haɗari ko asara a cikin 2017 tare da kayan jet ko turboprop.

“Shekarar 2017 ta kasance shekara mai kyau ga lafiyar jirgin sama. Kimanin matafiya biliyan 4.1 sun tashi lafiya a cikin jirage miliyan 41.8. Mun ga ci gaba a kusan dukkanin mahimman matakan awo - a duniya da kuma a yawancin yankuna. Kuma ƙudurinmu na sanya wannan masana'antar mai aminci har ma da aminci ya ci gaba. A cikin shekarar 2017 akwai abubuwan da suka faru da hadurra wadanda za mu koya daga tsarin bincike, kamar yadda za mu koya daga masifun da suka faru kwanan nan a Rasha da Iran. Thataddamar da wannan ilimin ilimin ne wanda zamu iya samu daga miliyoyin jirage waɗanda ke aiki lafiya. Bayanai daga waɗannan ayyukan suna ƙarfafa ci gaban nazarin tsinkaye wanda a ƙarshe zai bamu damar kawar da yanayin da zai haifar da haɗari. Masana'antu sun san cewa duk wata asarar rai masifa ce. Babban burinmu shi ne kowane jirgi ya tashi sama ya sauka lafiya, ”in ji Alexandre de Juniac, Babban Darakta da Shugaba na IATA.

Ayyukan Tsaro na 2017: 

2017

2016

Matsakaicin shekaru 5 (2012-2016)

Mutuwar jirgin ¡

19

202

314.6

Jimlar Hadurra

45

67

74.8

Hadarin Mutuwar

6

9 ¡¡

10.8

Hadarin Mutuwa ¡¡¡

0.09

0.21

0.24

Hadarin Motocin Fasinja

2

3

5.6

Hadarin Mutuwar Jirgin Sama Na Jirgin Sama 4 6 4.6

% na hadurran da suka shafi mace-mace

13.3

13.4

14.4

Rashin asarar jirgin sama 4 13 10
Rashin jirgin saman Jet tare da mutuwa 1 4 3.4
Asarar Turboprop 9 7 15

Asarar Turboprop tare da mutuwa

5

4

7.2

 

Kusan dukkan yankuna sun nuna cigaba a cikin shekarar 2017 idan aka kwatanta da shekaru biyar da suka gabata (2012-2016) kamar haka:

Ratesididdigar asarar jirgin sama ta yankin mai aiki (ta miliyoyin tashi)

Region

2017

2012 - 2016

Afirka

0.00

2.21

Asia Pacific

0.18

0.48

Kawancen kasashen 'Yanci (CIS)

0.92

1.17

Turai

0.13

0.14

Latin Amurka da Caribbean

0.41

0.53

Gabas ta Tsakiya da Arewacin Afrika

0.00

0.74

Amirka ta Arewa

0.00

0.22

Asiya ta Arewa 0.00 0.00

Adadin asarar ƙirar turboprop na duniya ya kai 1.30 cikin miliyan ɗaya na jirgi, wanda ya kasance lalacewa daga 1.01 a cikin 2016 amma haɓakawa akan ƙimar shekaru biyar (2012-2016) na 2.18. Duk yankuna sun ga ingancin turboprop ɗinsu ya inganta a cikin 2017 idan aka kwatanta da ƙimar shekara biyar. Ba tare da wannan ba, haɗarin da ya haɗu da jirgin sama na turboprop ya wakilci 44% na dukkan haɗari a cikin 2017 da kuma 83% na haɗarin haɗari.

Lossididdigar asara na Turboprop ta yankin mai aiki (a cikin tashi miliyan)

 

Region

2017

2012 - 2016

Afirka

5.70

7.38

Asia Pacific

0.61

1.45

Kawancen kasashen 'Yanci (CIS)

16.44

20.59

Turai

0.00

0.73

Latin Amurka da Caribbean

0.00

1.55

Gabas ta Tsakiya da Arewacin Afirka

0.00

3.42

Amirka ta Arewa

0.94

0.98

Asiya ta Arewa 0.00 8.73

 

Ci gaba a Afirka

Yankin Saharar Afirka na ci gaba da samun ci gaba sosai kan tsaro. Kamfanonin jiragen sama a yankin sun yi asara ta ɓoyayyun jiragen sama da ƙananan haɗarin haɗari da suka haɗa da jiragen sama ko turboprops a karo na biyu a jere. Dukkanin asarar asarar turboprop da duk yawan haɗarin da aka samu ya ƙi gwargwadon matsakaicin shekaru biyar da suka gabata. Koyaya, ƙimar asarar turboprop ƙwanƙwasa ya karu idan aka kwatanta da 2016 (5.70 vs. 1.52). Hakanan, wannan ya kasance alhakin haifar da ƙaruwa a cikin duk haɗarin haɗari idan aka kwatanta da 2016 (6.87 vs. 2.43).

“Kamfanonin jiragen sama a yankin Saharar Afirka sun ci gaba da inganta ayyukansu na kiyaye lafiya. Manufar ita ce a cimma aminci na duniya. A shekara ta biyu a jere, kamfanonin jiragen sama a yankin ba su fuskanci asarar fasinjoji ba kuma babu asarar jirgin sama. Amma har yanzu akwai babban gibi da za a rufe a cikin aikin kiyaye jiragen ruwa na nahiyar. Matsayi na duniya kamar su IATA Binciken Tsaro na Aiki (IOSA) suna kawo canji. Ana kirga dukkan haɗari, aikin kamfanonin jiragen sama na Afirka akan rajistar IOSA ya fi sau uku fiye da waɗanda ba na IOSA ba a yankin. Wannan shine dalilin da ya sa muke ci gaba da ƙarfafa al'umman Afirka su haɗa IOSA da IATA Daidaita Tsaron Tsaro (ISSA) cikin tsarin sa ido na kare lafiyarsu. ISSA, wacce aka yi niyya ga wadanda ke jigilar wadanda ba su cancanci IOSA ba, ta kuma bayar da dama ta wa’adi daya ga masu gudanar da jirgin wanda zai iya fadawa karkashin IOSA, wanda ke ba da damar kara samun ci gaban IOSA, ”in ji de Juniac.

A daidai wannan, dole ne gwamnatocin Afirka su hanzarta aiwatar da ƙa'idodin ICAO masu alaƙa da ƙa'idodin ayyuka (SARPS). Zuwa karshen shekara ta 2017, kasashen Afirka 25 ne kacal suka aiwatar da akalla kashi 60% na SARPS, ”in ji de Juniac.

IOSA

A cikin 2017, duk yawan haɗarin jiragen sama a kan rajistar IOSA ya kusan sau huɗu fiye da na waɗanda ba na IOSA ba (0.56 vs. 2.17) kuma ya kusan kusan sau uku fiye da na 2012-16. Ana buƙatar duk kamfanonin jirgin sama na membobin IATA don kula da rajistar IOSA. A halin yanzu akwai kamfanonin jirgin sama guda 423 a rijistar IOSA wanda 142 ba membobin IATA bane. A cikin fewan shekaru masu zuwa, IOSA zata sami sauyi na dijital wanda zai ba kamfanonin jiragen sama na IOSA damar kwatantawa da kuma ƙididdigar aikin su. A cikin dogon lokaci, canjin dijital zai taimaka wajen mai da hankali ga dubawa a yankunan da ke da matakin mafi haɗarin aminci.

Dabarun Tsaro Mai Maki shida

IATA's Dabarar Tsaro Guda shida ita ce cikakkiyar hanyar data don gano ƙungiya, aiki da kuma matsalolin tsaro masu tasowa:

  • Rage haɗarin aiki kamar LOC-I (Asarar Gudanar da Tafiya), CFIT (Jirgin Ruwa Mai Sarrafawa cikin ƙasa) da RE (Balaguron Jirgin Sama)
  • Inganta inganci da bin doka ta hanyar shirye-shiryen dubawa
  • Ba da shawara don ingantaccen kayan aikin jirgin sama kamar aiwatar da hanyoyin hanyoyin gudanar da aiki
  • Tallafawa daidaitaccen tsarin Tsarin Gudanar da Tsaro
  • Tallafawa kwastomomi masu inganci da horo don haɓaka inganci da bin ƙa'idodi ta hanyar shirye-shirye kamar su IATA Training and Qualification Initiative
  • Ganowa da magance matsalolin tsaro masu tasowa, kamar batirin lithium da haɗa haɗin tsarin iska mai nisan iska (RPAS) zuwa sararin samaniya.

Duba Takaddun Bayanai na Tsaro