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Watchungiyar masu sa ido kan masu sayen Amurka: Motoci masu tuka kansu ba za su iya tuka kansu ba

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Written by Babban Edita Aiki

Motoci masu zaman kansu ba su da aminci don tura su kan hanyoyin jama'a Masu Kula da Masu Amfani sun fada wa Majalisar Dattijan Amurka a yau, suna yin gargaɗin ne a kan nazarin rahotannin da ake buƙata daga kamfanonin da ke gwajin motocin mutum-mutumi a California kuma ta yi kira ga sanatoci su dakatar da dokar da za ta ba da damar motocin mutum-mutumi a kan jama'a hanyoyi.

Majalisar Dattawa tana nazarin kudirin motar mutum-mutumi, na AV Start Act, S. 1885, wanda Kwamitin Kasuwanci, Kimiyya, da Sufuri ya amince da shi a bara. Sen. Dianne Feinstein, D-CA, ta dakatar da lissafin saboda ta damu da lafiyar motocin mutum-mutumi da kuma ko fasahar ta shirya don hanyoyin jama'a.

A cikin wata budaddiyar wasika zuwa ga Sanatoci, John M. Simpson, Daraktan Daraktan Tsare Sirri da Fasaha da Sahiba Sindhu, mai ba da shawara ga masu sayayya, ya gargadi sanatocin cewa fasaha ba ta shirya don tura lafiya ba.

"Zai zama babbar barazana ga jama'a ga majalisar dattijai ta ba da izinin tura motocin mutum-mutumi ba tare da kariyar da ke bukatar takardar shaidar motocin ba yayin gwajin ya nuna yanayin fasahar da ke damun jama'a idan direban mutum ba zai iya karbar motar ba," su rubuta.

The California reports revealed that robot cars tested could not cope when faced with the task of making some decisions humans make every day when they drive. Among the failures that required the human test driver to take control:

• Rashin siginar GPS,
• gajere-da-matsakaita fitilu,
• saurin hawa da sauka a cikin zirga-zirgar titi,
• toshewar hanyoyi,
• motocin da suka tsaya ba daidai ba kusa da su
• gazawar kayan aiki
• gazawar software

“Muna bukatar tabbatar da cewa motoci masu tuka kansu na iya tuka kansu a zahiri kafin mu ɗora su akan titunan jama’a. Me ke sa motar tuka kanta ban da ra'ayin mai ƙera mota da ke sha'awar siyar da samfuran su? Dole ne dokoki su kare jama'a ta hanyar tsara wasu ka'idoji da ke ba da tabbacin cewa sabbin motoci a kan hanya na iya biyan bukatunsu, "in ji Simpson da Sindhu a cikin wasikar da suka aika wa Majalisar Dattawa.

Kamfanoni 5,596 suka fitar da kawai bayanan da aka samu a fili game da yanayin fasahar motar mutum-mutumi ga Sashen Motocin California. Abubuwan da ake buƙata na “rahotannin rabuwa” da aka fitar a makon da ya gabata sun nuna abin da ake kira motoci masu tuka kansu ba za su iya wuce sama da mil XNUMX a cikin mafi kyawun yanayin ba tare da direban gwajin mutum ya karɓi ragamar ba. A mafi yawan lokuta, motocin ba za su iya yin tafiyar sama da 'yan mil ɗari ba tare da buƙatar sa hannun mutum ba, in ji Masu Kula da Kasuwanci.

Dangane da bincikenta game da rahotannin sallamar, kungiyar da ba ta da riba ba, kungiyar masu son ci gaban jama'a ta yi kira ga Majalisar Dattawa da ta dakatar da dokar ta AV START:

“Watchungiyar masu sa ido ga masu amfani suna kira gare ku da ku ɗauki mataki don kare lafiyar manyan hanyoyi kuma ku dakatar da Dokar ta AV START, S. 1885, sai dai idan an yi mata kwaskwarima don buƙatar ƙa'idodin kiyaye aminci waɗanda suka shafi musamman ga fasaha mai zaman kanta. A yanzu, idan aka yi la'akari da yanayin fasahar kamar yadda masu fasahar kansu suka nuna, ya kamata duk wata doka ta AV ta bukaci direban dan Adam da ke bayan wata sitiyarin da ke iya daukar iko. "

Kungiyar masu amfani da kayayyaki ta yi kira da a “kirkira dokokin da aka tsara, wadanda aka ayyana su, da kuma tsarin ba da izini da zai tabbatar da fasahar ba za ta wahalar da jama'a ba idan direban dan Adam ba zai iya daukar abin da ake kira 'tuki ba.'

Kamfanoni 2017 tare da izini don gwada motocin mutum-mutumi a Kalifoniya an buƙaci su gabatar da "rahotannin cirewa", suna rufe XNUMX mil mil da aka tuka a cikin yanayin cin gashin kansa da kuma adadin lokutan da fasahar ta robobi ta gaza. An fitar da rahotannin a makon da ya gabata. Nine daga cikin wa) annan kamfanonin, gami da Waymo (wani rukuni ne na mahaifin kamfanin Google) da GM Cruise, sun bayar da takamaiman bayanai da ke nuna dalilan da ke sa fasahar su ta mutum-mutumi ta gaza.

Waymo ya ce fasahar motar ta mutum-mutumi ta rabu sau 63, ko sau daya a duk mil 5,596 saboda gazawar da ke cikin fasahar kuma ba "karin yanayi" kamar yanayi, gina hanya, ko abubuwan da ba a zata ba, kamar yadda ake zato. Babban sanannen dalilin da yasa direbobin gwajin mutane suka mallaki motar mutum-mutumi sune karancin kayan aiki, kayan aiki, da kuma fahimta, in ji rahoton Waymo.

GM’s Cruise division, which claims it will put robot cars on the road for public use in 2019, logged the second-most miles of the companies that were required to report on their testing. Its cars drove, a total of 131,675 miles and had 105 disengagements or one every 1,254 miles.

Rahoton GM Cruise ya bayyana cewa motocin mutun-mutumi ba sa iya hango yadda direbobin dan Adam ke daidai, kamar yadda 44 daga cikin rashin yarda 105 (kimanin kashi 40%) wanda direba ya karbi ragamar mulki wasu lamura ne inda fasahar GM Cruise ta gaza lokacin da take kokarin mayar da martani ga sauran direbobin kan hanya.

Duk sauran kamfanonin da suka fitar da takamaiman bayanan da suka bayyana dalilan rashin daidaito, gami da Nissan da Drive.ai, fara fasahar kere kere tare da Lyft, sun tabbatar da abubuwan Waymo da GM Cruise. Nissan ta ce ta gwada motoci biyar, ta yi tafiyar mil 5007 kuma ta rabu da aiki 24. A halin yanzu, Drive.ai yana da rashi 151 a cikin mil mil 6,572 da kamfanin ya shiga.

Wasikar Masu Kula da Masu Amfani ta ce:

“Manufar da aka ce ta S. 1885 ita ce ta inganta lafiyar manyan hanyoyi ta hanyar tura fasahohin Highly Automated Vehicle (HAV). Shugaban Kwamitin Kasuwanci Sanata John Thune ya yi iƙirarin cewa 'fa'idodin of fa'idodin motoci masu tuka kansu suna da matukar muhimmanci ga jinkiri.' Amma duk da haka, hujjoji sun nuna cewa waɗannan motocin na iya haifar da haɗari ga jama'a fiye da yadda masana'antun keɓaɓɓiyar fasahar keɓaɓɓiyar fasaha ta AV suka tabbatar wa jama'a.