Wasu matasa giwaye da ke tserewa mafarautan Mozambique sun harbe kan gonar SA

GiwaMW
GiwaMW

An harbe wasu matasan giwaye biyu a yankin Komatipoort da ke kusa da gandun dajin Kruger bayan da aka ce mafarauta sun yi wa garkensu tsoro a kan iyakar Mozambique.

A cewar hukumar kula da yawon bude ido ta Mpumalanga Tourism & Park Agency (MTPA), giwayen sun fito ne daga wata garke da suka lalata amfanin gona a yankin na Coopersdal. Louw Steyn, manajan sashen farauta da raya kasa na MTPA, ya ce giwayen matasa ne kuma mai yuwa suna tserewa daga bangaren Mozambik na kan iyaka.

Video fim buga ta The Lowvelder nuna matasan giwayen biyu kafin a harbe su. A cewar manoman yankin, manyan mutanen biyu na cikin wani hali mara kyau.

A cewar Michele Pickover na EMS Foundation, rashin jin daɗin MTPA ga giwaye biyu ba abin yarda ba ne. 'Idan da giwayen suna ƙoƙarin tserewa ne [mafarauta], don haka suka rabu da danginsu, [tabbas] sun ji rauni sosai. A sa'an nan kuma ya fi rashin yarda cewa MTPA sun yi abin da suka yi.'

MTPA ta ki yin tsokaci kan ko akwai wasu matakai na sassautawa ko wasu hanyoyin da aka yi la'akari da su kafin a yanke shawarar. Mai magana da yawun MTPA ya tabbatar da hakan The Lowvelder, duk da haka, ba za a iya mayar da giwayen ba ta hanyar amfani da jirgin sama mai saukar ungulu don bi da dabbobin, 'saboda akwai maraƙi a cikin garken'.

Kisan dai ya biyo bayan wani taron kasa da kasa kan magance rikice-rikicen giwaye da aka gudanar a kasar Afirka ta Kudu, wanda MTPA ya halarta, wanda ya nuna muhimmancin bin wannan doka. Ma'aikatar Harkokin Muhalli Ka'idoji da Ka'idoji don Gudanar da Giwaye.

Bisa ga waɗannan, dabbar da ke haifar da lalacewa (DCA) kawai za a harbe ta a matsayin makoma ta ƙarshe bayan zaɓin zaɓi, gami da ƙaura, ya gaza. Matakan DEA don mu'amala da DCA shine 'rage girman lalacewa' ga mutane da dabbobi. Har ila yau ya bayyana cewa 'dole ne kula da dabbar da ke haifar da lalacewa ta kasance daidai da lalacewar da aka yi'.

Hukumar MTPA ta fitar da wata sanarwa bayan harbe-harbe inda ta ce giwayen sun yi barna sosai ga amfanin gonakin yankin. Amma a cewar manomi Freddie Tecklenburg, barnar dukiya inda MTPA ta harbe giwayen ya yi kadan. 'Sun karya wasu tagwayen da ke cikin tsohon gonakin tumatir, suka taka bututun digo. Daga nan sai suka koma cikin jeji, inda aka harbe su," in ji shi.

Herman Badenhorst, babban manaja a Mlambo Uvs da ke makwabtaka da kadarorin, ya yarda cewa barnar ta yi kadan. Giwayen sun bi ta cikin kadarorin Mlambo kafin a harbe su a gonar Tecklenburg. "Lalacewar da aka yi bai isa a tabbatar da kashe dabbobin ba," in ji Badenhorst. 'Sauran giwayen sun kakkabo wasu daga cikin rake da ayaba yayin da suke cikin tafiya, amma wannan ba wani abin kuka bane'.

Dokta Yolanda Pretorius, mataimakin shugaban kungiyar masu ba da shawara ta giwaye (ESAG), ya ce ba a koyaushe hanyoyin da ake bukata don kashe DCAs 'saboda albarkatu da karfin da ke cikin yawancin sassan kiyaye yanayi sun iyakance. Wannan yana haifar da ba duk zaɓuɓɓukan da ake da su don magance giwaye da suka barke ba a bincika sosai.' Ta ce za a iya kashe DCA a wurin ne kawai kuma ba tare da bincike ba idan suna yin barazana kai tsaye ga rayuwar bil'adama.

Steyn, duk da haka, ya ce ka'idoji da ka'idoji sune kawai 'jagororin yadda ake magance matsalar giwaye'. Ya ce babu wanda zai iya tantance yadda za a tunkari kowace shari’a tukunna kuma ana yin hakan ne bisa ga ra’ayin hukuma.

Pretorius ya nuna, duk da haka, cewa 'ƙungiyoyi da yawa kamar ESAG suna shirye su taimaka wajen tsara hanyoyin da za su maye gurbin lalata amma galibi suna jin labarin waɗannan lamuran sun makara.'

A cikin watan Satumban wannan shekara, an yi irin wannan bala'i na gaggawar giwaye a kusa da gandun dajin na Kruger. A cikin wannan misali, bijimai uku na giwaye sun tsere daga Associated Private Nature Reserves da ke iyaka da Kruger. Sun lalata gonakin mangwaro sannan kuma sun shafi ababen more rayuwa na mutane. Maimakon a harbe su, an mayar da giwayen a cikin wani Wahalar ceto giwayen da Elephants Alive suka kaddamar, Ƙungiya da ta ƙware a binciken giwaye da inganta zamantakewar juna tsakanin mutane da giwaye.

Dr Michele Henley na Elephants Alive ya ce a lokacin cewa dabbobin da ke haifar da lahani ba su da yawa fiye da yadda ake kamawa tsakanin fadada ci gaban ɗan adam da ke mamaye tsoffin hanyoyin ƙaura.

Bisa lafazin Lowvelder, Wasu giwaye biyu da ke cikin garken har yanzu suna waje da wuraren da aka karewa, rahotanni sun ce suna kan hanyarsu ta kudu zuwa yankin Mananga. A cewar MTPA, 'wadannan giwaye za a yi maganinsu idan aka samu koke-koke'.

SOURCE: CAT

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Juergen T Steinmetz

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