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Fasinjan jirgin saman ya ji rauni ta hanyar fadowa da kaya daga kwandon sama

alkali-1
alkali-1

A cikin labarin wannan makon, muna bincika shari'ar Lee v. Air Canada, 2017 US Dist. LEXIS 3458 (SDNY 2017) wanda fasinja a jirgin sama na kasa da kasa tsakanin Amurka da Kanada "yana zaune a cikin kujerar da aka sanya ta a yayin da jakar wani fasinja ta buge ta a kai. ya) daga jakarsa don sanya shi a cikin kwandon saman (lokacin) fasinja ya 'buge shi' ko 'buga masa' a kan kafarsa… wanda ke 'wucewa ta gefen hanya' (wanda hakan ya sa Mr. X ya rasa daidaito ya fadi jakarsa) ”. Saboda wannan jirgin na jirgin sama ne na ƙasashen duniya haƙƙoƙin Mace Lee da ikonta suna gudana ta hanyar yarjejeniyar Montreal, magajin yarjejeniyar Warsaw [duba Dickerson, Dokar Tafiya a Fasali na 2A].

Sabunta Manufofin Ta'addanci

Hurghada, Misira

A cikin 'yan yawon bude ido' yan Ukraniya biyu da suka mutu, mutum hudu sun ji rauni a harin da aka kai a gabar Bahar Maliya ta Masar, www.eturbonews.com (7/14/2017) an lura cewa “An kashe 'yan yawon bude ido' yan Ukraniya biyu tare da raunata wasu 'yan yawon bude ido hudu lokacin da wani mutum ya kai musu hari da wuka a wurin shakatawar da ke Hurghada a ranar Juma'a da rana. A cewar wata gajeriyar sanarwa daga ma'aikatar cikin gida ta Masar, maharin, wanda aka kama bayan harin, ya yi iyo zuwa wurin hutun daga kusa da bakin teku tourists 'Yan yawon bude ido uku' yan kasashen waje an daba su wuka a wannan wurin shakatawar, wadanda aka san su da yin ruwa, a cikin Janairun 2016 ta wasu mutane biyu da ake zargin ‘yan bindiga ne daga kungiyar masu kaifin kishin Islama”.

Alkahira, Misira

A cikin 'yan sanda 5 da aka harbe a Masar a kafofin watsa labarai na kwanton-bauna, travelwirenews.com (7/14/2017) an lura cewa "" Wasu' yan bindiga da suka rufe fuskokinsu sun bude wuta a wani shingen tsaro da ke kudancin birnin Alkahira, da safiyar Juma'a suka kashe 'yan sanda biyar kafin su tsere daga wurin ".

London, England

A cikin hare-haren ta'addanci 5 da aka dakile a cikin 'yan watannin nan, wasu' yan mintoci kadan 'da haduwa da kwamishinan' yan sanda, tavelwirenews.com (7/14/2017) an lura cewa "Hukumomin Burtaniya sun dakile hare-haren ta'addanci biyar a cikin watanni uku zuwa hudu da suka gabata, Kwamishinan 'yan sanda na birni ya tabbatar. Wasu daga cikinsu suna cikin 'yan mintuna' da aiwatarwa. 'Kawai a cikin' yan makonnin nan, biyar [an fatattaka]. Kuma gabaɗaya, ya yi kyau a cikin samari a cikin shekaru biyu da suka gabata inda muka san mutane suna da niyyar kai hari kuma an dakatar da hakan '. Kwamishinan 'yan sanda na babban birni… daga baya ya bayyana cewa an dakile su' tsawon watanni uku zuwa hudu da suka gabata '”.

Little Rock, Arkansas

A Fortin, Mutane da yawa sun ji rauni a harbi a wani gidan rawa a Little Rock, nytimes.com (7/1/2017) an lura cewa “Mutane da yawa sun ji rauni ta hanyar harbi da bindiga a wani gidan rawa da sanyin safiyar Asabar a cikin garin Little Rock, Ark. , a cikin abin da ya zama sakamakon rikici… The Power Ultra Lounge… ya cika makil da masu kula da shi da misalin karfe 2:30 na safe… .sai bindiga ta tashi. Kimanin harbe-harbe 30 aka yi sama da dakika 10 yayin da mutane suka yi kururuwa da duck don ɓoyewa -… …arami da aka kashe… yana ɗan shekara 16 ”.

Stockholm, Sweden

A Anderson & Sorensen, Harin Motocin Stockholm Ya Kashe Mutane 4; Ana Tsammani da Ta'addanci, nytimes.com (4/7/2017) an lura cewa “Wani mutum ya tuka wata motar giya da aka sata cikin taron mutane a wani sanannen gundumar cin kasuwa a Stockholm ranar Juma’a da rana sannan ya shigar da ita cikin wani shago, kashe mutane hudu tare da jikkata wasu 15 a wani hari da ya haifar da zubar da jini da firgici a titunan wani babban birnin Turai. Firayim Minista Stefan Lofven ya ce 'an kai wa Sweden hari', a wani taron manema labarai da aka watsa ta gidan talabijin. 'Wannan yana nuna cewa ta'addanci' '.

St. Petersburg, Rasha

A cikin Nechepurenko & MacFarquhar, Fashewar da aka yi a St. Petersburg, Russia, ta kashe mutane 11 yayin ziyarar Vladimir Putin, nytimes.com (4/3/2017) (“Jirgin kasan ya shigo wata rami ne a tsakanin tashoshi, akan hanyarsa ta fitowa daga cibiya , lokacin da bam din ya fashe.Ma'adanin da aka kera a gida, cike da tarkace, ya keta ta mota ta uku.Ya kashe mutane 11; ya raunata sama da 40, gami da yara, kuma ya bazu da jini yayin da jirgin ke lalube cikin tashar Cibiyar Fasaha da hayaki ya cika motar iska… 'Wane irin mafarki mai ban tsoro ne' wani ya yi ihu a cikin ihu mai ƙarfi ”.

Haramtaccen Laptop

A cikin Chiem, an dakatar da Laptop na Amurka don Royal Jordanian, Kuwait Airways, law360.com (7/10/2017) an lura cewa “Amurka a ranar Lahadi ta tsabtace kamfanin jiragen sama na Royal Jordanian da Kuwait Airways don ba da damar manyan na'urori masu amfani da lantarki, kamar kwamfutar tafi-da-gidanka , a cikin jirginsu na jirgin sama a cikin jirgin da zai tashi daga Amurka daga Jordan da Kuwait bayan sun tsaurara matakan tantance fasinjojin ”.

Sabunta Hangogin Balaguro

A kasar Jordan, Kakanni sun ci nasara daga dakatar da Trump daga dakatar da tafiye tafiye a Kotun Tarayya, nytimes.com (7/14/2017) an lura cewa “Wani alkalin tarayya a Hawaii ya yanke hukuncin yammacin Alhamis din nan cewa gwamnatin Trump ta dakatar da matafiya na wasu kasashe daga kasashen Muslin guda shida. kuma akan ‘yan gudun hijirar su hana kakanni da sauran dangi na kusa shiga Amurka”

Nesa Daga Chicago, Don Allah

A mafi karshen mako 4 ga watan Yulin da ya gabata a Chicago a cikin Shekaru, an harbi sama da 100 duk da karin ‘yan sanda, Travelwirenews.com (7/5/2017) an lura cewa“ Sama da mutane 100 aka harbe a karshen mako na karshen mako a Chicago, tare da dozin da aka kashe . Wannan duk da cewa an tura karin jami’ai sama da 1,000 a kan tituna yayin hutun ”.

Nisance Daga Columbia, Don Allah

A cikin adadin wadanda suka mutu sakamakon zaftarewar laka a Columbia ya kai 254, travelwirenews.com (4/2/2017) an lura cewa “Wadanda abin ya rutsa da su sun binciko baraguzan ne don neman wadanda suke so kuma suke kokarin adana sauran kayayyakin da suka rage a ranar Asabar (1 ga Afrilu) bayan laka zane-zane a garin Mocoa na Colombia, Sashin Putumayo, ya kashe mutane 254 tare da jikkata wasu daruruwa ”.

A cikin Casey, 'Jikin Sun Bazu' Bayan Lalacin Lalata a Columbia, nytimes.com (4/3/2017) an lura cewa “Gawarwakin suna ta tururuwa a safiyar Litinin a kan Mocoa, wani gari na Columbian inda laka da tarkace suka sanya shi ba zai yiwu ba a wurare don ganin cewa kowa ya taɓa zama a wurin. Masu aikin ceto na ci gaba da binne matattun mutanen. Kuma dangin… sun roki gawarwakin danginsu don su yi musu jana'izar da ta dace ".

Nawa ne suka Mutu a Wutar Landan?

A Nordlan & Magra, Nawa Ne Suka Mutu a Wutar Landan? Fushi ya tashi kamar yadda Policean sanda ba za su faɗa da tabbaci ba, nytimes.com (7/10/2017) an lura cewa “A ranar Litinin, bayan makonni na sukar,’ yan sanda a karon farko sun ba da ƙididdigar yawan mutanen da ya kamata sun kasance a cikin ginin a wannan daren - 350-kuma sun ce na wannan adadi, 255 sun tsira kuma 14 ba sa gida, wanda ke nuna cewa mutane 81 sun mutu. Amma yawan mutanen da suka mutu a cikin mummunar gobara a London tun bayan yakin duniya na biyu ana fuskantar kalubale daga masu tsira da masu goyon bayan su… Tun daga ranar gobarar, ranar 14 ga Yuni, lokacin da aka fara sanar da yawan wadanda suka mutu a matsayin shida kuma daga baya 12, mutane suka fara koka da cewa; 'yan sanda suna ba da ƙididdigar ƙasa. Ya bayyana karara cewa harshen wuta ya cinye dukkan ginin a cikin kankanin lokaci, wanda ya tilasta wasu - ba wanda ya fallasa yadda za su yi tsalle daga manyan benaye wasu kuma su gudu daga matakala daya, hayakin hayaki ”.

Kusa Kusa Da Na Sirri: Wanda Aka Kashe Ta Jirgin Ruwa

A cikin yawon shakatawa da fashewar jirgin sama ya yi a sanannen sanannen duniya na St. Maarten, www.eturbonews. (7/13/2017) an lura cewa “Wata mata 'yar New Zealand ta mutu bayan karfin tashin wani jirgi ya dauke ta daga kasa a bakin ruwa a kan St. Maarten, kusa da titin jirgin da ya fi shahara tsakanin masu yawon bude ido da ke son gogewa karfin injunan jirgin sama ya kusa ”

Slime Eels, Kowa?

A cikin Mele. Rushewar Sarkar da Inan Raunuka, In banda Rage-zage, nytimes.com (7/14/2017) an lura cewa “Idan kuna tunanin kuna jurewa 'bazarar jahannama' ta tafiya, kuyi la’akari da mummunan rikici da aka haifar akan Babban titin Oregon ranar Alhamis a cikin karo na safarar zamani da kifin da ba a taɓa yin tarihi ba. Hoto abin da ya faru daga fim din 'Ghostbusters' na 1984 wanda Dokta, Peter Venkman, wanda Bill Murray ya buga, ya koka game da 'siriri'. Bayan haka ninka sau dubu kuma zaku sami abin da ya faru a babbar hanyar ruwa a Depoe Bay, Ore., Kimanin mil 100 yamma da Portland. Wata babbar motar dakon hagfish fam 7,500, wanda aka fi sani da slime eels, ya kasance (cikin hadari wanda ya haifar da kwantenan zinare zube a kan babbar hanya da motoci da yawa) ”

Girgizar Kasa ta Philippines

A Philippines Girgizar Kasa: Baƙi da suka makale a Otal ɗin Fensho mai hawa uku, www.eturbonews.com (7/6/2017) an lura cewa "Wani gidan fansho mai hawa uku a garin Kananga a lardin Leyte ya rushe ranar Alhamis da yamma bayan girgizar kasa mai karfin maki 6.5 ta afkawa yankin".

Wani Jirgin Jirgin Ruwa

A cikin McGeehan & Tarbell, Lalacewar tashar Penn ya Bada Tabbacin Tabbacin Rarrabawar Track, nytimes.com (7/7/2017) an lura cewa “Idan har akwai wasu shakku masu jinkiri game da gaggawa na cikakken gyara waƙoƙi a tashar Pennsylvania a Manhattan, lalacewar wani jirgin kasa a daren Alhamis ya kamata ya dakatar da su. Lalacewar, ta uku tun karshen watan Maris a tashar Penn, ta faru ne a wata mahimmiyar mahadar da aka shirya za a rufe ta maye gurbin wannan bazarar.

Mafarkin Hutu A Bavaria

A cikin Steinmetz, Mafarki mai Hutu a Bavaria: Yawon Buɗe Ido a cikin harshen wuta bayan mummunan haɗarin Autobahn, www.eturbonews.com (7/3/2017) an lura cewa “Wata motar bas ta masu yawon bude ido tare da galibinsu manyan matafiya mata sun shiga wuta a kan A9 Autobahn (babbar hanya) a Bavaria, Jamus bayan sun yi karo da babbar mota. Jami'ai a Jamus sun ce mutane da yawa an tabbatar da mutuwarsu, a kalla mutane 30 sun jikkata a hatsarin kuma an nemi 18 da suka bata ”.

Marriott Ya Yi Forararraki don Kira Wayoyin Waya

A cikin Hanson, Masu Amfani Sun Ce Marriott Ya keta TCPA Tare da Kira maras so, law360.com (7/3/2017) an lura cewa “Wasu rukunin masu sayen kayayyaki sun shigar da kara a gaban kamfanin Marriott International Inc. a kotun tarayya ta New York, suna zargin babban otal din na aika kiran wayar da ba a buƙata ba zuwa wayoyin masu amfani da shi wanda ya saɓa wa Dokar Kariyar Abokan Ciniki… (Mai gabatar da ƙara) na neman wakilcin aji wanda ya ƙunshi dukkan mutane a Amurka waɗanda, waɗanda suka fara shekaru huɗu kafin ta shigar da ƙara ta sami robocalls ko sakonnin tes da ke tallata Marriott ta hanyar ATDS ko da wata murya ta wucin gadi ko wacce aka ba da umarni (kuma) wanda bai ba kamfanin otal din ba da izinin da suka gabatar ba ”.

Saurin Gyara Filin Jirgin Sama

A cikin Vora, TSA Gwajin Technologies 2 don Saurin Gyara Filin Jirgin Sama, nytimes.com (6/28/2017) an lura cewa “Ee, akwai waɗancan gargaɗin na dogon lokaci a wuraren binciken tsaro, amma kwanan nan hukumar ta gabatar da shirye-shiryen gwaji na mutum biyu fasahohin da aka yi niyya don haɓaka aikin binciken sosai: aikin binciken komputa mai girman uku (CT 3D) da kuma gano zanen yatsu thing abu ɗaya da yakamata masu fata su tsammaci wannan bazarar yayin da masu aikin hukumar ke neman su cire hanyoyin su littattafai daga kayansu na daukar kaya ”.

Gidan kayan gargajiya na Ice cream

A cikin Gidan Tarihi na Ice Cream ya ba da sanarwar buɗe shi a Los Angeles, etn.travel (3/28/2017) an lura cewa "Museum of Ice Cream yana buɗe ƙofofinta zuwa Yammacin Yammacin wannan Afrilu yana mai da'awar rana ta Los Angeles a matsayin wurare na biyu da ake tsammani … Gidan Tarihi na Ice cream ya dauki hankalin masu sauraro na duniya tare da gabatarwar da ba a taba yin irinta ba a 2016 a cikin Birnin New York, ana siyarwa cikin kwanaki biyar kuma suna jan jerin masu jira na 200,000 highlights Abubuwan hulɗar mu'amala da juna sun haɗa da 'bangon ayaba' wanda ya ƙunshi 'ayaba' dubu goma, mint gidan girma ', wani daki wanda aka keɓe ga California, daɗaɗɗen gandun daji da ƙari, Gidan hutawa mai yatsan ruwa mai cike da yayyafa miliyan ɗari ”. Ji dadin.

Yakamata a Biya Ma Yara Kyauta

A Paris, jarirai sun cancanci a biya su jinkirin tashin jirgi, kotu ta gano, msn.com (4/6/2017) an lura cewa “Bayan an jinkirta tashin Ryanair da awanni tara, kamfanin jirgin ya amince ya biya diyya ga ɗayan baligi fasinjoji amma sun ki biyan wannan kudin ga ‘yarsa‘ yar wata shida, wacce ta zauna a cinyarsa a lokacin tashin. Kamfanin jirgin sama na kasafin kudi ya yi ikirarin cewa bai kamata ta biya diyya ga jariran da ba su da ajiyar wurin zama ba kuma wadanda kawai ke karkashin (E20) kudin jarirai. Hakanan ya ce karamar yarinyar ba za ta iya fuskantar wahala da damuwa ba saboda ƙuruciya. Amma wani alkali a Kotun Yankin Liverpool bai amince da hakan ba kuma ya yanke hukuncin cewa jaririn fasinja ne saboda dokokin. Ryanair ya kira hukuncin 'daft' kuma yana umartar lauyoyin sa da su daukaka kara ba tare da bata lokaci ba ".

Kwalejin yawon shakatawa ta kasar Sin

A cikin garin Italiya sun kulla yarjejeniya da makarantar yawon bude ido ta kasar Sin, Travelwirenews.Com (3/29/2017) an lura cewa "Makarantar yawon bude ido ta kasar Sin ta kulla yarjejeniya da garin Bologna na kasar Italiya a Beijing a ranar Laraba don gudanar da bincike kan dabi'un 'yan yawon bude ido na Sinawa kuma yana bukatar M Matteo Lepore, mataimakin magajin garin Bologna, ya ce garin, tare da dadadden tarihinsa, da al'adunsa masu dadinsa da abinci mai dadi, wuri ne mai matukar kyau ga masu yawon bude ido na kasar Sin. Hakanan tana da tsoffin jami'a a Turai, wanda yanzu haka ke karɓar ɗalibai kusan dubu daga China ”.

Japan Gawar Hotel

A cikin Arziki, Halitta Mai Kama? Japan Ta Bada Hotuna Ga Gawar, nytimes.com (7/1/2017) an lura cewa “roomsananan roomsakunan da ke thean Hotel a nan cikin birni na uku mafi girma a Japan suna cike da tagwayen gado. Talabijin na lebur suna kawata bangon. Ana bayar da kofuna waɗanda aka nade da roba da goge haƙori a cikin ɗakunan wanka. Kuma a gefen zauren ne dakunan da gawarwakin suke. Lokacin biyan kuɗi, ga rayayyu da matattu, yawanci baya wuce 3 na yamma The Hotel Relation shine abin da Jafananci ke kira 'itai hoteru' ko otal gawa…… Part dakin ajiyar gawa, ɓangare na masauki, waɗannan otal ɗin suna ba da babbar kasuwa ta Jafananci suna neman madadin zuwa wani babban, jana'izar gargajiya a cikin ƙasa inda yawancin mutane ke tsufa da sauri, haɗin gwiwar jama'a yana ta ɓarna kuma gawarwaki suna ƙoƙari su ci gaba da kasancewa tare da yawan mutanen da ke mutuwa ".

Ruwan Tsira a cikin Vietnam

A cikin Ruwan Ruwa ya tilasta daruruwan 'yan yawon bude ido tserewa daga wurin shakatawa na Vietnam, www.eturbonews. (7/1/2017) an lura da cewa “Wata ambaliyar ruwa ta afkawa wani wurin shakatawa da ke tsakiyar lardin Thua Thien-Hue a ranar Juma’a, wanda ya tilasta wa masu zuwa hutu tserewa. Ruwan ambaliyar daga sama ya zubo zuwa Suoi Voi (Elephant Srings) Summer Resort a Loc Tien Commune da misalin ƙarfe 4 na yamma, yayin da kusan mutane 1,000 ke ci gaba da wanka a wurin. Daruruwan masu yawon bude ido sun firgita suka gudu zuwa wani wuri mafi tsayi ”.

Giwaye Sun Huta Kaɗan

A cikin Gettleman, Giwaye Sun Sake Sake asaukar Farashi a matsayin Farashin Ivoryaure, nytimes.com (3/29/2017) an lura da cewa “A ƙarshe, akwai wasu labarai ga giwaye. Farashin hauren giwa a China, kasuwa mafi girma a duniya a hauren giwayen, ya fadi kasa warwas, wanda ka iya kawo koma baya daga mummunar farautar shekaru goma da suka gabata. A wani rahoto da kungiyar kare hakkin giwa da ake girmamawa a Kenya, Save the Elephants, ta fitar a ranar Laraba, farashin hauren giwa bai kai rabin yadda yake ba shekaru uku da suka gabata, wanda ke nuna cewa bukata na ta faduwa. Zamanin tattalin arziki mai tsauri, yakin neman zabe mai dorewa da kuma nuna aniyar China na rufe cinikin hauren giwar cikin gida a wannan shekarar sune suka haifar da canjin, masanan giwaye suka ce ”.

Avis, Hertz & Motocin Kai-Kai

A Huddleston, Avis Shares Jump on Alphabet Self-Driving Car Partnership, fortune.com (6/26/2017) an lura cewa “Waymo, motar motar tuka kanta ta Alphabet mallakar Google, ta cimma yarjejeniya tare da Avis Budget Rukuni wanda kamfanin motar haya zai kula da motocin Waymo na motoci masu zaman kansu. Avis zai samar da ayyuka na adanawa da kiyayewa ga Waymo na motoci masu tuka kansu a cikin Phoenix ”.

A cikin Webb & Welch, Apple da ke aiki tare da Hertz don sarrafa ƙananan matuka marasa matuka, msn.com (6/27/2017) an lura cewa “Apple yana yin hayar wasu ƙananan motoci daga Hertz don gwada fasahar tuki kai tsaye, yarjejeniyar da Amincewa da yarjejeniya mafi girma tsakanin masu fafatawa Alphabet Inc. da Avis Budget Group ”.

Motocin Kai-tsaye na Uber A Riƙe

A cikin Isaac, Uber ta dakatar da gwaje-gwajen motoci masu tuka kansu bayan hatsarin Arizona, nytimes.com (3/25/2017) an lura cewa “Uber ta fada a ranar Asabar cewa tana dakatar da gwajin motocin tuka kanta, kwana daya bayan daya daga cikin motocin ta yi karo a Tempe, Ariz. Motar Uber, wacce ke da mutum a kujerar direba amma tana kan hanyar tuka kanta, ba ta da laifi a cikin hatsarin, a cewar… mai magana da yawun ofishin 'yan sanda na Tempe . Motar Uvo's Volvo XC90 mai amfani ta buga lokacin da direban wata motar ya kasa bada sakamakon. 'Karo ya sa motar Uber birgima ta gefen ta ”.

Wanene Ya Saci Fasahar Waymo?

A cikin Wakabayashi & Isaac, Uber ya musanta cewa yana amfani da Fasahar Waymo da aka Sace, nytimes.com (4/7/2017) an lura cewa “Uber ya karyata ikirarin daga Waymo, kamfanin mota mai tuka kansa ya fice daga mahaifin kamfanin Google a bara, cewa tana amfani da fasahar mota mara matuki da wani tsohon ma'aikacin Google ya sata. A wata kotun tarayya da aka shigar da karar a ranar Juma’a, Uber ta ce ta fara tsara wata mabuyar hanyar da za ta mallaki motocinta mai zaman kanta kafin ta dauki Anthony Levandokski, shugaban masu tuka motocin kai tsaye na Uber wanda tashinsa daga Google din shi ne asalin karar shari’ar mallakar fasaha tsakanin kamfanonin biyu ” .

Barka da Denmark

A cikin Farvel, Uber yana fitowa daga Denmark, qz.com (3/28/2017) an lura cewa “Wani lokacin Uber na iya zama mai hasara mai rauni. Kamfanin hawan hawa a ranar Talata (28 ga Maris) ya ce zai daina ba da sabis a Denmark har zuwa ranar Aril 18, yana mai ba da amsar canje-canje 'marasa aiki' ga dokokin tasi na cikin gida. Waɗannan canje-canjen, waɗanda aka tsara za su fara aiki a shekara mai zuwa, za su cika lasisin lasisin tuki zuwa 125 a kowace kwata. Hakanan suna buƙatar dukkan motoci su sami mitocin kuɗi, kuma suna ƙayyade nau'ikan motocin da za a iya amfani da su don dalilai irin na taksi… kamfanin yana da direbobin Danish dubu biyu da mahaya Danish 2,000… A cikin handfulan ƙasashen Turai-Sweden, Faransa da Jamus- Uber ta dakatar da aikin UberPop a baya, wanda yayi daidai da UberX a Amurka Ya fice daga Taiwan a farkon wannan shekara bayan ya tara kusan dala miliyan 300,000 a tarar… A London, kwanan nan wani lauya ya ɗauki matakin farko don kai ƙara Uber kuma ya nemi kamfanin biya harajin da aka ƙara darajar 10% na Burtaniya akan kowane hawa. A Spain, Uber ya haifar da zanga-zanga mai zafi ”.

Kosher Pizza War na Brooklyn

A cikin Kilgannon, A cikin Kosher Pizza War na Brooklyn, Tarihin dandano na Tsohon Tarihi, nytimes.com (3/28/2017) an lura cewa “A cikin birni mai kama da pizza kamar New York, yaƙe-yaƙe pizza ya ɓarke ​​tare da wani tsari, daga dala wasu sassan mahada da ke fada don kwastomomi a Manhattan zuwa wata takaddama ta Mafia kan satar riskar da aka sata tsakanin shagon pizza a Brooklyn da wani a Staten Island. Amma wataƙila babu wani abin da zai iya kwatanta shi da yaƙin pizza na kosher, cin karo da abinci na ƙarni na 21 game da duniyar ƙarnin 19 na ƙauyen Hasidic. Wasu masu gidan cin abinci na pizza, duka yahudawan Orthodox, sun tsunduma cikin kararrakin da ke Brooklyn kawai, ba a kotun kotu ta watan Agusta ba, amma a wani zauren shari'ar da ba a san shi ba da ake kira Kotun Rabbinical na Borough Park, wanda ke sauraron kararraki a cikin daki mai sauki sama da majami'ar da ke kan wurin zama. A wurin yakin ba farashi bane ko girke-girke na miya, amma fassarori ne na doka mai tsarki waɗanda aka tsara a tsohuwar Aramaic dubban shekaru da suka gabata. Dukkanin bangarorin sun yi amfani da ka'idojin da Attaura da Talmud suka yi umarni da shi, da kuma darajar littafin girke-girke na fassarar dokokin kosher da kuma takaddun shaida.

Romeos Wayar Indiya

A cikin Barry, 'Phone Romeos' na Indiya don Neman Dama ta Lambobin da ba daidai ba, nytimes.com (3/22/2017) an lura cewa “A cikin cibiyar kiran gilashi mai gefe, ,an sanda masu kula da danna dannawa a kan madannin kwamfuta, a kan hanyar musamman irin ta Indiya mai aikata laifi. 'Wayar Romeo' kamar yadda aka san shi a nan, yana kiran lambobi ba tare da izini ba har sai ya ji muryar mace, da fatan kulla alaƙar soyayya. Daga cikinsu akwai masu neman karfi ('Shin zan iya cajin wayarku?'), Masu roko masu ban tsoro ('Ina magana da ku, Madam, amma jikina yana girgiza') da kuma numfashi mai nauyi lokaci-lokaci ('Ina son yin haramtattun abubuwa da ku '). Buga bugun kiran lambobi da gangan hanya ce mai ƙarfi don neman budurwa. Amma ya zama ruwan dare gama gari a cikin kasashe daban-daban - Morocco, Papua New Guinea, Bangladesh da India misalai ne - inda bambancin jinsi na gargajiya ya yi karo da juna tare da gaggarumar sabuwar fasaha mai arha. Indiya tana adalci da alfahari da juyin juya halin wayar hannu. Kudin harajin kira suna daga cikin mafi kankanta a duniya, kuma gasa ta sa farashin fadada fadada fadada. Kimanin Indiyawa miliyan 680 ke amfani da wayoyin hannu, tare da sababbi miliyan uku da ke zuwa yanar gizo a kowane wata ”.

Mai zurfi A cikin Amazon

A cikin Romero, Mai zurfi a cikin Amazon wani Beachwarewar Beachwararriyar Ruwa (da Ant-Cin), nytimes.com (3/20/2017) an lura cewa Alter Do Chao, Brazil-Duk da cewa ya yi nesa da teku a nesa kusurwar dajin Amazon, Alter do Chao dole ne ya kasance cikin manyan biranen rairayin bakin teku na duniya. Yankunan rairayin rairayin rairayin bakin teku tare da Kogin Tapajos suna kiran baƙi waɗanda ke tuƙa daga har zuwa Cuiaba, wani birni da ba shi da iyaka kusan kilomita 1,000 zuwa kudu. Bayyanannu, ruwan dumi suna jan hankalin masu sanyin kwalliya da masu aiki na shiga jirgin paddle paddle. Yayinda nake rangadin rahoto a wannan shekarar a cikin Tekun Amazon, na tsere zuwa Alter do Chao na 'yan kwanaki bayan na ji tatsuniyoyi game da kyawawan dabi'unta. A cikin kasar da ke da fiye da mil mil 4,600 na bakin teku, na yi mamakin shin daya daga cikin mafi kyaun rairayin bakin teku na Brazil da gaske zai iya kasancewa cikin zurfin yankin da ba a san shi ba na babbar dajin duniya. 'Idan kuna son sanin ainihin Alter, lallai ne ku ci tururuwa', Pito, 55, wani Omaruara Indian wanda ke jagorantar baƙi a kan tafiya ta cikin dajin ya bayyana mini. Ya fizge tururuwa daga cikin dajin ya yi ƙarfin halin in ci shi. Crunchy kamar popcorn, yana da daɗi, tare da alamun lemongrass ”.

Hukuncin Dokar Balaguro Na Mako

Kamar yadda Kotun ta lura “Mai shigar da kara Lisa Lee ta kai karar wanda ake kara Air Canada, tana neman diyyar raunukan da ake zargin ta samu a jirgin da wanda ake kara ya yi aiki. Lee ta yi zargin cewa ta ji rauni a lokacin da wata jaka da wani fasinja ya ke kokarin sanyawa a wani saman da ke sama da inda mai shigar da karar ya ji ya buge ta a kai. Dokar ta Montreal ce ke kula da iƙirarin, wanda ke ba fasinjoji damar dawo da diyya saboda raunin da suka samu a jiragen sama na duniya. Wanda ake tuhuma (yana neman hukuncin yanke hukunci game da korafin) a bisa hujjar cewa abin da ya haifar da zargin raunin da aka yi wa Lee ba 'hadari' ba ne a cikin yarjejeniyar Montreal… (kuma yana neman kara iyakance) abin bin sa a bisa doka ta 21 ta Montreal Yarjejeniyar (zuwa) 113,100 SDRs (kusan $ 150,000) ”.

Tsarin Jirgin Sama

“A lokacin da lamarin ya faru, ma’aikatan jirgin na Air Canada sun kasance‘ suna cikin gidajan ’kuma suna‘ gudanar da ayyukansu da suka hada da ‘gaisawa da fasinjoji, jagorantar fasinjojin zuwa wuraren da aka sanya su da kuma lura da gidan gaba daya don kare lafiya. Babu wata hujja da ke nuna cewa ma’aikatan jirgin sun yi wani sanarwa ko gargadi game da kwararar fasinjoji yayin aikin shiga jirgi. Wata ma'aikaciyar jirgin saman Air Canada ta ga jakar (Mista X) ta faɗi amma 'ba ta iya hana jakar ta buge Lee ba saboda tana layuka biyar zuwa takwas kuma' akwai wasu fasinjojin a cikin jirgin ''.

Dokokin da Aka Bi

“Bangarorin ba su yi jayayya ba cewa jakar (Mista X) ta kasance cikakke cikakke ga manufofin kaya na Air Canada; cewa babu wata dokar tarayya da ta nuna cewa manufofin kamfanin jirgin saman Kanada ba su bukaci memba na jirgin ruwa ya taimaka (Mista X) ya sanya jakarsa a cikin kwandon sama ba… kuma cewa lamba da matsayin masu kula da jirgin a cikin jirgin ya yi daidai da dokokin tarayya da matsayin masana'antu ”.

Yarjejeniyar Montreal

Yarjejeniyar Montreal ta maye gurbin Taron Warsaw wanda aka sasanta “kuma aka zartar dashi a farkon rabin karni na ashirin (tare da) mahimmancin sa” shine a 'cimma daidaito na dokokin da ke kula da iƙirarin da ke fitowa daga safarar jiragen sama na duniya'… Tun lokacin da An tsara Yarjejeniyar Warsaw yayin da masana'antar kamfanin jirgin sama ke kanana, ta nemi 'takaita nauyin masu jigilar jiragen sama domin bunkasa ci gaban' masana'antar… Zuwa karshen karni na ashirin, bangarorin jihohin da ke cikin taron Warsaw sun tattauna. yarjejeniya-da Montreal Yarjejeniyar-don maye gurbin yarjejeniyar Warsaw da 'hodgepodge na ƙarin gyare-gyare da yarjejeniyar jigilar kayayyaki'… Ba kamar wanda ya gabace ta ba, wannan sabon abin a bayyane ya fi 'fasinja [ed] maimakon kamfanonin jiragen sama'. Hakan ya kawar da tsarin 'Warsaw system' kan sabani game da jigilar jiragen sama da kuma rike dako wadanda za a dora masu alhakin 100,000 na farko (Hakkokin Zane na Musamman ('SDRs)) na tabbatacciyar diyya ga kowane fasinja ”.

Mataki na goma sha bakwai: Hadari

"Duk da bambancin da ke tsakanin manyan manufofinsu, yarjejeniyar Montreal ta ci gaba da tanadi da dama wadanda suka kasance a cikin yarjejeniyar ta Warsaw (ciki har da Mataki na 17 da ke bayar da cewa) Jirgin yana da alhakin lalacewar da aka samu idan mutuwa ko rauni na jiki na fasinja. sharadi ne kawai cewa hatsarin da ya yi sanadiyyar mutuwa ko rauni ya hau kan jirgin ko kuma yayin gudanar da duk wani aiki na hawa ko sauka ”.

Bayyana “Hatsari”

“Kodayake Yarjejeniyar Montreal da yarjejeniyar Warsaw sun ba da damar fasinjan da ya ji rauni ya dawo da diyya daga mai dauke da jirgin sai da hatsari, amma babu wata yarjejeniya da ta bayyana kalmar. Kotun Koli ta Amurka ta cike wannan gurbi a shari'ar 1985, Air France v. Saks, 470 US 392, 405 (1985) ta hanyar bayyana a sarari da baki ɗaya cewa 'haɗari' ya faru 'kawai idan raunin fasinja ya faru ne ta hanyar ba zato ba tsammani ko sabon abu ko abin da yake faruwa na waje ga fasinja '. Kotun Saks ta umarci ƙananan kotuna da su yi amfani da ma'anarta ta 'sassauƙa' da kuma 'a sarari'… Duk da haka, babban ma'anar da Kotun Supremeoli ta tsara ba yana nufin cewa duk wani rauni da ya faru a cikin jirgin sama sakamakon 'hatsari ne' '”.

An Bincika Wannan Harka

“Kotuna a koyaushe sun gano cewa abubuwan da suke fadowa daga sassan sama duka na‘ ba-zata ne kuma ba na ba’da bane ’da kuma na‘ waje ’ga fasinjojin da ba su da niyya a kan abubuwan (a kan Maxwell v. Aer Lingus Ltd., 122 F. Supp. 2d 210 (D) . Mass. 2000); Smith v. American Airlines, Inc., 2009 US Dist. LEXIS 94013 (ND Cal.2009 ('Kwalbar da ke fadowa daga sama duka' abin da ba a zata ba ne da kuma ba'da ba ', lamari ne da ya kasance na' waje ' ga jikin mai karar kuma hakan ya haifar da cutar da mai kara. Don haka, bukatun Saks… sun gamsu ')… Saboda wata jakar fasinja da ke fadowa kan wani fasinjan da ba ta tsammani ba wani lamari ne da ba zato ba tsammani wanda ya kasance a wajenta - wannan Kotun ta gano cewa yanayin a wannan yanayin ya zama 'haɗari' bisa doka ta 17 ta Yarjejeniyar Montreal ”.

Lalacewar Iyaka

"Dangane da Mataki na 21 na Yarjejeniyar Montreal, kamfanin jirgin sama ba shi da alhaki ga lalacewar da ya wuce 100,000 SDR idan mai jigilar ya tabbatar da cewa 'irin wannan lalacewar ba ta kasance ba ne saboda sakaci ko wani aikin da ba daidai ba ko kuma watsi da dako ko barorinta ko wakilansa'… A yau kwalliyar da ke kan 'tsananin abin alhaki' ita ce ainihin 113,100 SDRs… saboda hauhawar farashi… Bayan yin la'akari da shaidar… Kotu ta gano cewa Air Canada ta nuna cewa a matsayin doka ta yi shari'ar da ta dace (kuma) ta tabbatar da cewa ba sakaci ba ne game da batun o (kuma saboda haka) alhakinta yana iyakance zuwa 113,100 SDR na yiwuwar lalacewa ”.

Marubucin, Thomas A. Dickerson, mai ritaya ne na Mataimakin Shari'a na Sashin daukaka kara, Sashe na biyu na Kotun Koli ta Jihar New York kuma ya yi rubutu game da Dokar Balaguro na tsawon shekaru 41 gami da littattafan shari'ar da yake sabuntawa duk shekara, Dokar Tafiya, Law Journal Press (2016), Litigating Torts International a Kotunan Amurka, Thomson Reuters WestLaw (2016), Ayyuka na Aji: Dokar 50 ta Amurka, Law Journal Press (2016) da sama da labaran doka 400 da yawa daga cikinsu ana samunsu a nycourts.gov/courts/ 9jd / mai karɓar haraji.shtml. Don ƙarin labarai na dokar tafiye-tafiye da ci gaba, musamman, a cikin membobin EU na EU duba IFTTA.org

Ba za a sake buga wannan labarin ba tare da izinin Thomas A. Dickerson ba.

Karanta da yawa daga Labarin Justice Dickerson anan.