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Farautar Bushmeat na yin barazana ga yawon bude ido a yankin Okavango Delta na Botswana

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Barazanar da ke tattare da farautar daji ba bisa ka'ida ba ga masana'antar yawon bude ido ta Okavango Delta a Botswana ta bayyana a wani rahoto da aka buga kwanan nan. Botswana ba ta da alaƙa da yawan matakan farauta, amma rahoton ya gano cewa farauta ba bisa ƙa'ida ba a yankin Delta cewa, "yawancin naman daji da wasu mafarauta suka ba da rahoto ya nuna cewa akwai tsarin kasuwanci don masana'antu, tare da karfin girbi, jigilar kaya da zubar da siginan fi cant. "

Kimanin mafarauta ba bisa doka ba 1,800 ana kiyasta cewa kowannensu yana girbe kilogram 320 na naman daji a kowace shekara, yana mai haifar da damuwar cewa cinikayyar cinikin daji na iya zama matakin farko zuwa ga wasu kungiyoyi masu aikata laifuka na namun dajin da ke shirin zakuna, karkanda da giwaye. Rahoton ya kuma firgita ya bayyana cewa, “mutane ne na hudu a cikin fitattu a cikin yankin na Delta,” kuma wannan, “girbin da mutane da sauran dabbobin ke yi na iya wuce yawan adadin yawan mutanen da ke cikin yankin na Delta.”

Idan wannan ya faru, ba wai kawai yawan namun daji bane amma masana'antar yawon bude ido na iya fuskantar barazana. Shugaban kamfanin Great Plains da National Geographic Explorer, Derreck Joubert ya ce, “Bushmeat da yawa ana yawan ganinsa a matsayin 'farautar abubuwa kawai' amma abin ya yi tasiri sosai. A lokacin da masu farauta suka shiga wuraren shakatawa na kasarmu kuma suka tanadi musamman don cin nama, galibi sukan auna masu farautar ne saboda kawai yana da sauki kuma ba shi da hadari a yi aiki a yankin farauta mara izini. ”

Rahoton ya ce "Gasar tsakanin mutane da sauran maharban dabbobin da ke cin karensu ba babbaka na rage karfin halittar halittar dabbobi masu yawa," in ji rahoton kuma, "Haɗuwa da farautar haramtacciyar dabba ta daji tare da farauta daga dabi'a ba ta da tabbas kuma tana iya haifar da yawan jama'a raguwa a wasu yankuna da kuma na wasu nau'ikan, "in ji Kai Collins, Manajan Kula da Rukuni na Kungiyar Wilderness Safaris.

Tare da namun daji masu mahimmanci ga yawon buɗe ido mai tamani a cikin yankin tasirin tasirin da wannan zai iya yiwa masana'antar yawon buɗe ido a yankin yana da faɗi. “Mafi yawan duk tsarin yawon bude ido na savanna ya dogara ne da zakuna, giwa da karkanda zuwa mataki. Lokacin da waɗancan manyan dabbobi, musamman mafarautan suka ɓace, sihirin wani baƙon na Afirka yana iya ɓacewa kuma yana iya ɓacewa. Wanene zai adana kuma ya zo kan balaguron Afirka ya san ba su da damar ganin mahauta ko giwaye? Don haka samfurin zai ƙi cikin sauri da kuma cika fuska. Idan hakan ta faru sai wani kamfanin samun kudin shiga (yawon bude ido) ya fadi, hakan ya jefa mutane da yawa daga bakin aiki kuma suka shiga cinikin daji, ”in ji Joubert

Charl Badenhorst, Daraktan Ayyuka na Sanctuary Retreats Botswana, ya sake bayyana wannan bayanin, “Yankin Okavango Delta ya kasance ɗayan mawuyacin halin ɓarna da ɓarna a duniya… Duk da haka, cinikin naman daji - idan ba a sa shi ba - zai zama babbar barazana ga dorewar da mutuncin tsarin Okavango Delta. ”

Masana harkokin yawon bude ido a Botswana sun himmatu wajen samar da wasu hanyoyin rayuwa ga al'ummomi tare da mai da hankali kan zabin aikin da ya shafi ecotourism. Wadannan manyan kamfanonin kasuwanci a Botswana suna da alhakin daukar ma'aikata daga al'ummomi da kuma tallafa wa wadannan al'ummomin ta hanyar biyan haraji, masarauta, ko lamuni, da kuma yawon shakatawa na namun daji ya taka muhimmiyar rawa ga ci gaban kasar a cikin shekaru 30 da suka gabata, wanda ya samar Ayyukan 70,000 kuma suna ba da gudummawa ga kusan 10% na GDP na Botswana. Amma rahoton ya ba da shawarar cewa, "yawanci taimakon taimakon yawon shakatawa na namun daji ba ya isa ga al'ummomin da ke fama da talauci a kusa ko cikin wuraren da aka kiyaye."

Dangane da wannan, Badenhorst, ya ce, “Daya daga cikin hanyoyin da Sanctuary Retreats ke taimakawa wajen yaki da wannan shi ne ta hanyar wayar da kan mutane ta hanyar ilimi kan tasirin farautar namun daji a kan karfin yawon bude ido na yankunansu. Duk da yake mun jajirce akan hakan, mallaka da alhaki ya hau kan masu yanke shawara a tsakanin al'ummomin, yana mai da muhimmanci ga isa ga waɗannan mutane. Mun yi sa'a da ɗayan al'ummomin da muke aiki tare da su, tare da wani shugaban al'umma yana cewa, 'waɗannan dabbobin su ne lu'ulu'unmu', ma'ana suna buƙatar kiyaye su don jawo hankalin masu yawon buɗe ido zuwa yankin. Irin wannan wayar da kan na bukatar karfafawa cikin gaggawa har ma ta hanyar hadin gwiwa da al'ummomi, masu ruwa da tsaki, masu yawon bude ido da kuma gwamnati a dukkan matakai don cinikin daji da za a dakile yadda ya kamata cikin dogon lokaci. "

Gaskiyar cewa wannan rahoton ya wanzu tuni ya nuna manyan matakan haɗin kai tsakanin gwamnati, masana'antar yawon buɗe ido, al'ummomi, da masana kimiyya, amma idan aka bar irin wannan farautar ba tare da kulawa ba lamarin na iya canzawa cikin sauri, yana barin mutane da dama da suka jikkata a farkawarsa, gami da masana'antar yawon shakatawa. La'akari da abin da za su kwance, dole ne a yi tambaya: Shin masu ruwa da tsaki a harkar yawon bude ido suna yin abin da ya dace don samun mafita wajen taka rawar da ta dace wajen yaƙi da ɓarnar dabbobi?

by Janine Avery